The CDC has updated its guidelines on the spread of COVID-19

The CDC has updated its guidelines on the spread of COVID-19. The CDC describes near contact as being within six feet of the person infected for 15 minutes or more during a 24-hour span. It is difficult to identify the current guidelines on which the health departments depend to perform touch tracing. The signs of the infection vary from minor symptoms to extreme illness, according to the CDC. It is not clear if the public has undergone proper instruction on proper selection and use of respiratory PPE, such as N95, for close interaction with an infectious person wearing a respiratory mask. Symptoms of the disease include: fever, chills, shortness of breath, trouble breathing, sore throat, and muscle aches, the CDC says. The disease can last 2-14 days after exposure to the virus and can be serious or moderate in some cases, it says. It is not clear if an affected person has signs for more than two days after being exposed to coronavirus, the Agency states.

Reference

CDC revises “close contact” definition. https://www.emergencyemail.org/newsemergency/anmviewer.asp?a=23565&z=58

Indoor behaviors do not all bear the same degree of risk, health experts say

According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, these indoor behaviors are far more dangerous indoors during the pandemic. More than 60 positive coronavirus cases were connected to one spin studio last month in Hamilton, Ontario. Indoor behaviors do not all bear the same degree of risk, health experts say. The airflow, which can be controlled by air quality expert Richard Corsi, is a critical indoor variable. Some gyms and indoor sports facilities have upgraded air filtration systems and security cleaning plans. In the U.S., 8 out of 10 deaths associated with coronavirus were among people 65 and older. Vast indoor fields are less dangerous than big indoor gymnasiums or tennis courts with a few people playing far apart. Especially when sweating and heavy breathing are risky, exercise without social distance is risky. While the chances are small, the virus could be transmitted by handling equipment or picking up a ball. Spend less time running if you go to a gym or an indoor court.

Reference
Trump Has An Elevated Risk Of Severe COVID-19. But It …. https://fivethirtyeight.com/features/trump-has-an-elevated-risk-of-severe-covid-19-but-it-helps-to-be-the-president/

Study: immunity from SARS-CoV-2 can last for at least six months

Study: immunity from SARS-CoV-2 can last for at least six months, or it may be longer, maybe a matter of years. Researchers also studied different forms of immunity, including antibodies, B cells and two groups of T cells. The study included 185 U.S. adults aged 19 to 81 who had recovered from infection with COVID-19. Researchers: Antibody reaction among the “200-fold set” participants in the study. The findings are consistent with the] latest discovery of SARS T cells 17 years after the original infection,” according to researchers. The findings are consistent with the latest observation that survivors of the SARS epidemic already had T cells more than a decade after recovery, they add. The results were released on Monday in the open-source e-virus journal iReporter on the bioRxiv pre-print server. The research was carried out by scientists at the La Jolla Institute of Immunology in California and the Icahn School of Medicine in New York.
Reference
Coronavirus immunity could last more than 6 months, possibly years: study. https://www.foxnews.com/health/coronavirus-immunity-6-months-possibly-years-study

Danish study finds that face masks provide only limited protection

Danish study finds that face masks provide only limited protection against SARS-CoV-19 infection. Researchers say findings should not be used to argue against widespread use to prevent people from infecting others. After one month, 1.8% of people wearing the masks had been infected, while 2.1% in a control group. Health experts have long said a mask provides only limited protection for the person wearing it but can dramatically reduce others’ risk.

Reference
Danish study finds face masks provide limited protection …. https://www.swissinfo.ch/eng/reuters/danish-study-finds-face-masks-provide-moderate-to-no-protection-against-covid-19/46169826

Patients with Type O or B blood spent less time in ICU than those with Type A or AB

Study: Patients with Type O or B blood spent less time in ICU than those with Type A or AB. They were also less likely to require ventilation and to have kidney failure. Study looked at 95 critically ill COVID-19 patients at hospitals in Vancouver, Canada, between February and April. Researchers did not see any link between blood type and the length of each patient’s total hospital stay.  Both new studies came out Wednesday in the journal Blood Advances.     

Reference

https://www.sciencealert.com/study-gives-more-evidence-that-blood-type-may-change-covid-19-risk-and-severity

The U.S. on Sunday surpasses 11 million cases of coronavirus

The U.S. on Sunday surpasses 11 million cases of coronavirus. The increase has led officials in some states, such as Michigan and California, to impose lockdowns. The first wave of lockdowns in the spring took a toll on the mental health of many, with suicidal thoughts nearly doubling. The 18-24 age group was one of the most affected, with some 25% reporting having suicidal thoughts.

Reference

The impact of coronavirus lockdowns on kids’ mental health.https://www.foxnews.com/health/coronavirus-lockdowns-kids-mental-health

The COVID-19 pandemic has impacted so many facets of our lives

The COVID-19 pandemic has impacted so many facets of our lives for eight months. Moreover, many parents are suffering from their children’s mental well-being. For most learners, zoom or hybrid education is the only alternative right now. Mental health professionals agree that paying attention to your child is more critical than ever because of students’ tremendous burden.

Most students think about the future and feel nervous, afraid, and even depressed. Experts believe this is because many students no longer have the sense of order and excitement that school offers.

Reference
COVID-19’s impact on property tax assessments – REJournals. https://rejournals.com/covid-19s-impact-on-property-tax-assessments/
How families can help their students as pandemic, hybrid learning takes its toll on mental health. https://wgntv.com/news/coronavirus/how-families-can-help-their-students-as-pandemic-hybrid-learning-takes-its-toll-on-mental-health/

It is possible to forget that COVID-19 is only a relatively young virus

It is possible to forget that COVID-19 is only a relatively young virus. And with that, experts are also struggling to find ways to handle it. Today, a recent report indicates that one possible cure for the virus may be found in your local pharmacy: traditional sleep aid melatonin.

The November study, which was published in the journal PLOS Biology, analyzed patient results from the Cleveland Clinic COVID-19 registry.1 Researcher found that melatonin use was related to an approximately 30% reduced risk of positive testing for SARS-CoV-2, the virus that triggers COVID-19, after age, race, smoking history, and comorbidity-adjusted scientists. The figures for people in some communities were also higher: Afro-Americans had a 52 percent reduced chance of positive results, while those with diabetes were at a 48 percent lower risk.
Reference

Researchers Identify Melatonin as Possible COVID-19 Treatment. https://www.verywellhealth.com/melatonin-possible-covid-19-treatment-5087816

Individuals who have survived infections with COVID-19 are at increased risk of contracting the psychiatric disease

New evidence indicates that individuals who have survived infections with COVID-19 are at increased risk of contracting the psychiatric disease. These results reported in The Lancet Psychiatry Journal suggest that 18 percent of COVID-19 patients are hospitalized with psychological symptoms of anxiety, depression, or insomnia within ninety days of diagnosis.

Researchers studied data from around 69 million individuals, 62,354 of whom were COVID-19 patients, to see whether they were at a greater risk of psychiatric diagnosis after infection than people with other health problems. The findings indicate that people with COVID-19 have more post-illness diagnosis with depressive disorder, insomnia, and even dementia than those with influenza or other respiratory illnesses related to COVID-19.

Anxiety symptoms are the most prevalent condition after illness, with dementia arising only in individuals older than 65 years of age.

Reference
1 in 5 coronavirus patients develop mental illness within 90 days.https://thehill.com/changing-america/well-being/longevity/525421-one-in-five-coronavirus-patients-develop-mental-illness

How are the various styles of masks working?

How are the various styles of masks working?
Surgical Mask
Often known as a medical mask, a surgical mask is a loose-fitting disposable mask that covers the nose and mouth of the wearer from contact with droplets, splashes, and sprays that may contain germs. The surgical mask often removes huge objects out of the air. Surgical masks can protect others by reducing the exposure of the mask wearer to saliva and respiratory secretions.

Which masks are appropriate to wear?

The U.S. at this time. Food and Drug Administration has not licensed any form of surgical mask explicitly designed to protect against coronavirus, although these masks provide some protection when N95 masks are not available.

How are the various styles of masks working?
Surgical Mask
Often known as a medical mask, a surgical mask is a loose-fitting disposable mask that covers the nose and mouth of the wearer from contact with droplets, splashes, and sprays that may contain germs. The surgical mask often removes huge objects out of the air. Surgical masks can protect others by reducing the exposure of the mask wearer to saliva and respiratory secretions.

The U.S. at this time. Food and Drug Administration has not licensed any form of surgical mask explicitly designed to protect against coronavirus, although these masks provide some protection when N95 masks are not available.

Clothe masks
A fabric mask is designed to capture droplets that are emitted while the wearer speaks, coughs, or sneezes. Asking everybody to wear cloth masks will help minimize the transmission of the virus to those who have COVID-19 but don’t know it.

Cloth face coverings are more likely to minimize the transmission of the COVID-19 virus as individuals are commonly used in public settings. And countries that needed face masks, testing, quarantine, and social distance early in the pandemic have effectively delayed the spread of the virus.

While surgical and N95 masks can be in short supply and should be reserved for health care providers, face cloth and masks are easy to find or make and can be cleaned and reused.

Masks may be made from traditional materials, such as sheets of closely woven cotton. The directions are easy to find on-line. Cloth masks should contain several layers of fabric. The CDC website also provides instructions for no-saw masks made from bandannas and t-shirts.

Reference
CORE. https://core.ac.uk/display/90662761
Coronavirus drug and treatment tracker shows what could …. https://www.pennlive.com/coronavirus/2020/07/coronavirus-drug-and-treatment-tracker-shows-what-could-help-patients-with-covid-19.html