New Resource on HIV

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This book goes into the new treatments for HIV such as PrEP, PEP, and U=U. Please get a copy today, thanks!

Drinking green leaf tea, instead of black, may help you live longer, new study implies

Drinking tea a minimum of thrice every week could reduce the risk of dying from heart problems and is linked with a longer and healthier life, at least in China, new research suggests. Chinese researchers found the rewards associated with tea were more pronounced for drinkers of green, rather than black tea, and regarding those who had been drinking tea regularly over the longer period of time. The advantages were also clearer among men, the research indicated.

Photo by Thought Catalog on Pexels.com


Researchers checked out data from 100,902 Chinese people without cases of heart attack, stroke or cancer and divided them into two groups: habitual drinkers who drank tea three or more times every week, those who never drank tea, and those who drank it less regularly. They followed up with them following a seven-year period.


Their analysis found that regular tea drinkers had a 20% lower risk of having cardio disease and stroke, and a 22% lower likelihood of dying from heart disease and stroke. Specifically, they found that regular tea drinkers could expect to live 1.26 years longer at age 50 than individuals who didn’t regularly take part in cup of tea.

Reading the tea leaves about whether drinking green tea is good for you
“We came to find that the protective outcome of habitual tea consumption were very pronounced and robust across different outcomes for men, but only modest for women,” Dr. Dongfeng Gu from China’s National Center for Cardiovascular Disease, Peking Union Medical College and the Chinese Academy of Medical Science said via email. “One reason might be which the proportion of habitual tea consumers among men was approximately two and a half [times] as high as that among women,” Gu said. Some 48% of the men in the study were regular tea drinkers, compared with 20% of ladies.
Gu said Chinese women were very likely to drink herbal tea produced from rosebuds or lotus leaves however this information wasn’t included.


In their analysis, the researchers controlled for some factors like smoking, drinking, eating habits and physical activity that could have explained the link between tea drinking and driving longevity. However, as an observational study it can’t establish cause and effect, only association.
“Other things to consider that are not mentioned within the study are: Firstly, what individuals who weren’t drinking tea were drinking — was tea replaced by sugary drinks or caffeinated beverages … and started that what increased their risk…?” said Jodie Relf, a registered dietitian and spokesperson regarding the British Dietetic Association.

Black vs. green
The advantages linked to drinking black tea “were not much,” Gu said, but that could be since there were far fewer black tea drinkers present in the research — only about 8% of the habitual tea drinkers engaging in the study said they preferred black tea.

Gu also said that green tea is a richer supply of flavanoids, especially tea polyphenols, and these bioactive compounds could be protective against cardiovascular disease. While from the same plant and containing the same amount of caffeine, black tea is processed differently from green leaf tea after picking. “Black tea is fully fermented and tea polyphenols might be oxidized into pigments and inactivate during fermentation. Thus green tea ends up being more effective than black tea in anti-oxidation, improving blood lipid profile, and in turn, to become more effective in cardiovascular protection,” Gu said.

Can green leaf tea maximize your brainpower and treat disease?
Gunter Kuhnle, a professor of nutrition and food science, University of Reading in the UK, who was not engaged with the study but conducts research into the association between flavanoids and health, said it’s not currently known how tea — or even the compounds found in tea — affect health.

“The antioxidant effect of polyphenols found in tea has long been assumed to become responsible, however this has been resoundingly disproved in the last decade. Many of the compounds present in tea might have a brilliant effect, however this is at the moment still under investigation,” he told the Science Media Centre (SMC) in London.
As the world’s most popular drink after water, Gu said that tea-drinking habits varied from place to place and of course the findings will possibly not apply to Western countries, where black tea has been a more accepted choice — often taken with milk or sugar.

Drinking very hot tea almost doubles likelihood of cancer, new study says
“Tea consumption is part of a cultural heritage, along with its health effects might be confounded by other consuming patterns, for instance, intake of other flavanoid-rich food or beverages like coffee.”
The conclusions of previous research on the health advantages of tea has been inconsistent, Gu said, with the study noting that green leaf tea were linked to lower risk of cadiovascular disease in Japan however in the british isles no link was observed with black tea taken with milk.

“This study strengthens the body of evidence that habitual tea drinking is associated with lower chances of atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease, though it cannot give proof that it’s definitely the tea that’s responsible,” Dr. Jenna Macciochi, a lecturer in immunology at the University of Sussex, told the SMC. However, she noted that “a body of evidence in nutrition means that whole diet patterns are more informative of diet-disease relationships than any isolated food or nutrient.” Dr. Duane Mellor, a registered dietitian and senior teaching fellow at Aston Medical School, Aston University, said that while green leaf tea is safe and may even have benefits, green leaf tea supplements “ought to be considered carefully as there has long been a number of cases of liver damage reported in individuals who have consumed these in large doses.”

Author Resource Box:

U.S. Alcohol-Related Deaths Have Doubled, Study Says. https://www.npr.org/2020/01/08/794772148/alcohol-related-deaths-have-doubled-study-says

U.S. Alcohol-Related Deaths Have Doubled, Study Says

More Americans are ordering more rounds, which is leading to more funerals, according to new research on alcohol-related deaths. Looking at data beginning with the National Center for Health Statistics, researchers estimate deaths from alcohol-related problems have more than doubled during the last nearly twenty years. Death certificates spanning 2017 indicate nearly 73,000 people died within the U.S because of liver disease along with other alcohol-related illnesses. That is up from slightly below 36,000 deaths in the year 1999. Some of the most significant increases were found among women and individuals who were middle-aged senior.

The study arises from the National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism, which is a section of the NIH. It was published on Wednesday within the journal Alcoholism: Clinical and Experimental Research. Overall, researchers found men died at a higher rate than women. However, when analyzing annual increases in deaths, the most significant improvement was among white women. “Having the increases in alcohol use among women, there’s been increases in harms for women including ER visits, hospitalization, and deaths,” Aaron White, who authored the paper, told NPR. The studies suggest that in 2017, alcohol proven even more deadly than illicit drugs, including opioids. That year there were about 70,000 drug overdose deaths — about 2,300 fewer than those involving alcohol by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.

Alcohol: Maybe you have Thought About Reducing?
Only cigarettes are deadlier than alcohol: More than 480,000 people die each year in the U.S. because of smoking-related illnesses. However, alcohol-related overdoses — either alone or with drugs — rose between 1999 and 2017. Other alcohol-related causes included heart disease, cancer, and accidental injuries, for instance, falls. The total number of deaths attributable to drunken driving over the same two decades declined. Other findings, as quoted in the study:

  • 70.1% considering the population aged 18 and older. Consumed alcohol in 2017, averaging approximately 3.6 gallons of pure ethanol per drinker.
  • As the overall prevalence of drinking and binge drinking didn’t change for males, there arose a 10.1% rise in the incidence of alcohol and a 23.3% rise in drinking a lot among women.
  • Increases in consumption were more significant for people aged 50 senior relatives to younger age-groups.

Author Resource Box:
U.S. Alcohol-Related Deaths Have Doubled, Study Says. https://www.npr.org/2020/01/08/794772148/alcohol-related-deaths-have-doubled-study-says

Testosterone treatment should be given just for sexual dysfunction, the guideline suggests

Men in search of improved energy and memory aren’t going to find it in testosterone treatment, which should be used in older men just for sexual dysfunction, according to researchers, as well as a new guideline published Monday. The only scientifically proven use for the hormone in older men with age-related low testosterone levels is for impotence, based on a brand new recommendation from the American College of Physicians published in the Annals of Internal Medicine.


The new recommendation was decided after researchers reviewed 38 randomized controlled testosterone treatment trials, which ranged from 10 to 798 male participants from the U.S., Europe, Asia, and Australia between 1997 and 2018. The studies tracked men from less than twelve months up to three years. Twenty-four of the studies reported a minimum of partial industry sponsorship. In the studies, men got testosterone via intramuscular shots or through the skin by using a hormone patch or gel. That analysis was published Monday, in addition to the new guideline.
Countless men seek a quick health fix with testosterone replacement, both from prescriptions and over-the-counter supplements. The brand new analysis showed that there isn’t any evidence that long-term testosterone supplementation improves — or damages — health, said Dr. Robert McLean, president of the APA as well as a rheumatologist at Yale-New Haven Health’s Northeast Medical Group. The only benefit is short-term treatment for men with sexuality.


Other issues, such as “general vitality and cognition might not be symptoms that improve with testosterone replacement,” McLean said. There’s nothing in the data. He added, “that suggests that testosterone is a fountain of youth.” And also that means, doctors shouldn’t even bother to check testosterone levels unless their older male patient “says my libido is in the tank,” McLean said. The brand new recommendation applies only to men in their 60s who ‘ve been clinically recognized as having a decline in testosterone. In this scenario, testosterone levels might be tested. Also, if they are low, “I can say, ‘If I give you a little extra testosterone, it will encourage your libido and sexual functioning,'” McLean said.
Younger men, those within their 30s, 40s, and 50s, don’t usually have low testosterone unless they have an uncommon medical condition — or if they have specific lifestyle issues, said Dr. Harry Fisch, a professor of urology and reproductive medicine at Weill Cornell Medical College.Based on Fisch, men can experience drops in testosterone levels if they:

  • Overexercise.
  • Don’t get enough sleep. Sleep is when the human body generates testosterone.
  • Are overweight. Fat cells can cause testosterone to show into estrogen.
  • Use marijuana frequently. Marijuana affects men’s estrogen levels, which happens to be linked to impotence and infertility.

The answer would be to make changes in lifestyle instead of to add testosterone because supplementation can ruin fertility, Fisch said.

“In young men, a side dish effect of testosterone replacement is low challenges with sperm,” he added. “And of course, the longer you’re on testosterone, the better problems you would likely have getting the sperm back.”

Author Resource Box:
Testosterone treatment should only be given for sexual …. https://www.nbcnews.com/health/health-news/testosterone-treatment-should-only-be-given-sexual-dysfunction-guideline-suggests-n1111591

The Types of Depression


Depression will take many forms. Seasonal affective disorder, clinical depression, and bipolar depression, and postpartum depression are commonly diagnosed types of depression. Conditions that can include substance abuse or maybe an eating disorder could be confused with depression and can render any depression rather an effort to diagnose. Other conditions can worsen a case of depression.

Some fundamentals are some prevalent methods of depression.

One of the significant different kinds of depression is bipolar depression (also called manic depressive illness). Bipolar depression is, in many cases, accepted as someone experiencing being overly happy, then suddenly becoming depressed.

One of the significant varieties of depression that women can be is affected by is postpartum depression. This takes place right after giving birth to a baby.

A typical subtype of depression is seasonal affective disorder. This way of depression seems to be tied to the same way as people react to the level of sunlight that’s that are available to them every day.

A severe form of many kinds of depression is psychotic depression. People who are afflicted by psychotic depression fairly often hallucinate. This is essentially the most dangerous variety of depression, and often there is a requirement for some other person to jump in and help.

Those who look like always suffering from a mild method of depression might be suffering from dysthymia.

Another of the great diversity of depression that is very commonly suffered by women is atypical depression. Experiencing things such as anxiety attacks, overeating, and sleeping disturbances usually mark this way of depression.

Regardless of which among several other kinds of depression, you might be suffering with, being aware of the difference between them is the best way to find out the best possible treatment. Discuss any symptoms of depression in your doctor and work with him to discover the treatment that is most suited according to your needs.

Author Resource Box:
The Types of Depression – Anxiety Mastery. https://www.anxietymasteryblog.com/the-types-of-depression/