Category Archives: Religion

Did you know that Antony Blinken often cites his family’s Holocaust history? The Russia-Ukraine war has him stuck between the personal and the political.

When Secretary of State Antony Blinken cited his family’s Holocaust-era history in explaining a matter of U.S. foreign policy on Monday, it was far from the first time he has done so.

Secretary of State Antony Blinken speaks at the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum in Washington, D.C., March 21, 2022. (Kevin LaMarque/Pool/AFP via Getty Images)

“One of my responsibilities as Secretary is determining, on behalf of the United States, whether atrocities have been committed,” Blinken, who is Jewish, said Monday at the U.S. Holocaust Memorial Museum, where he announced that the Biden administration had determined that the Burmese military had committed genocide against the Rohingya. “It’s an immense responsibility that I take very seriously, particularly given my family’s history.”

That family history involves his stepfather, Samuel Pisar, the Holocaust survivor who became a renowned legal scholar and philosopher. Blinken has often described the late Pisar’s recounting of his rescue by American soldiers, saying it shaped his own idea of what the United States symbolizes worldwide.

“That’s the story that I grew up with, about what our country is and what it represents, and what it means when the United States is engaged and leading,” Blinken said.

Now America’s top diplomat contends with a conflict that puts these values to the test: Russia’s invasion of Ukraine, which has involved mass killings of civilians.

He is also dealing with appeals from Ukraine’s Jewish president, Volodymyr Zelensky — who similarly cites the Holocaust as shaping his outlook — to do more to stop Russia’s attacks.

Zelensky has additionally made direct comparisons between the Russian onslaught and the Holocaust, while Russian President Vladimir Putin has stated his goal is to “de-Nazify” Ukraine.

Talking to American Jewish leaders, Zelensky called Putin’s actions “pure Nazism;” talking to Israelis, he likened Russian tactics to the “final solution”; and in his address to the U.S. Congress, he called the Russian invasion “the worst war since World War II.”

The Biden administration has imposed crippling sanctions on Russia. In addition, it is funneling billions of dollars in defense and humanitarian assistance to Ukraine and deploying U.S. troops to NATO allies adjacent to Ukraine. But President Joe Biden will not accede to Zelensky’s top demands — including creating a no-fly zone over Ukraine to protect it — saying they could provoke a world war.’

On Wednesday, however, Blinken formally declared that the United States’ position is that Russian forces have committed war crimes.

“Many of the sites Russia’s forces have hit have been clearly identifiable as in-use by civilians,” he said. “This includes the Mariupol maternity hospital, as the UN Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights expressly noted in a March 11 report. It also includes a strike that hit a Mariupol theater, clearly marked with ‘дeти’ — Russian for ‘children’ — in huge letters visible from the sky.”

Does Blinken feel the pressures of family history as he contemplates Ukraine? The State Department did not respond to multiple requests for an interview. But his speech at the Holocaust museum on Monday showed that it was on his mind.

“One of the unsettling truths of the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum is that there’s never a time I visit here when its lessons do not feel deeply resonant,” he said. “But I have to tell you, I can recall a few times when that history felt so urgent or the responsibility it imparts on us so pressing. As we meet, the Russian Government continues to wage its unprovoked, brutal war on Ukraine. Each day brings more brutal attacks, more innocent men, women, and children killed.”

The war’s risk to Holocaust survivors in Ukraine was especially poignant in Blinken’s telling.

“Ukraine is home to nearly 10,000 Holocaust survivors, including an 88-year-old woman, Natalia Berezhnaya of Odesa,” he said. “Here’s what she said in a recent interview, and I quote: ‘It’s hard to wrap my mind around the fact that in 1941, I had to hide in the basement of this building, and that I’m going to have to do that again now.'”

Blinken stopped short of accusing Putin of genocide as he did the Burmese military. Instead, he cast Russia’s predations as part of a welter of human rights disasters now proliferating.

“Even as we are working to increase international pressure on the Kremlin to end this unjustified war, we know there are many other places where horrific atrocities are being committed,” Blinken said. “Over recent weeks, as I’ve spoken with diplomats worldwide about Ukraine, I’ve also heard a constant refrain. Many of them say, ‘Yes, we stand with the people of Ukraine. But we must also stand with the people suffering atrocities in other places.'”

On Wednesday, the move to accuse Russia of war crimes is notable; noted Jewish foreign policy experts had been frustrated with Blinken’s language.

Josh Rogin, an influential foreign policy opinion columnist for The Washington Post, wrote that the hesitancy in Ukraine is reflective of a West that has allowed atrocities to be committed in China, Syria, and Burma. “The Ukraine example shows that ignoring atrocities anywhere is morally and strategically bankrupt,” he said this week before Blinken announced his war crimes designation.

Aaron David Miller, a longtime Middle East peace negotiator and a scion of one of Cleveland’s most prominent Jewish families, sounded a despairing note on Twitter.

“Never Again is Ever Ever Again,” he said. “The International Community has failed to even try to prevent any of the planet’s genocides/mass killings over past 100 years; Armenians; Holocaust; Cambodia; Rwanda; Congo; Sudan; Darfur; Myanmar; Uighurs; Syria….. Ever ask yourself why.”

Asked to expand on the tweet on CNN, Miller, now a senior fellow at the Carnegie Endowment, a foreign policy think tank, admitted that he understood Blinken’s predicament.

“A president of the United States weighing the consequences of humanitarian intervention in the case of Ukraine has more than just moral factors to take into account and the consequences of an intervention or not an intervention at least for American interests, that could affect millions of humans in the United States and in Ukraine, so it’s it’s a moral hazard,” Miller said. “It’s a complicated problem. And frankly, I think Ukraine will be another example of confirmation of the rule.”

Abe Foxman, the retired national director of the Anti-Defamation League and a Holocaust survivor, argued that Blinken’s approach made sense: One’s views on the Holocaust may shape policy but should not necessarily determine what the procedure is.

He was pleased to see Blinken knows, understands, is informed and instructed by his family history, by his Jewish experience, Foxman said in an interview. It does make a difference, but it cannot be determinative of action. This is a war. It’s not a holocaust or genocide. And it’s very, very important that if you know your history, you see the difference.

Reference

Antony Blinken often cites his family’s Holocaust history. The Russia-Ukraine war has him stuck between the personal and the political. https://www.jta.org/2022/03/24/politics/antony-blinken-often-cites-his-familys-holocaust-history-the-russia-ukraine-war-has-him-stuck-between-the-personal-and-the-political?fbclid=IwAR0vj-Q7Oys1vWBpQYcJm7Y0kjH_8dp7HgXidygq51dBq-SV2-rFeN_-4mw

Why have some of the officials of the Orthodox Church expressed opposition to Russia’s invasion?

Several officials of the Orthodox Church have expressed their opposition to Russia’s invasion of Ukraine. With the noteworthy exception of the Orthodox patriarch of Moscow, the military intervention has been rejected by the majority of people.

Ecumenical Patriarch of Constantinople Bartholomew I, shown leading a service with at the Patriarchal Church of St. George in Istanbul on March 6, has said that Russia’s attack on Ukraine is a ‘violation of human rights.’ (photo: YASIN AKGUL / AFP via Getty Images)

The leader of the Ukrainian Orthodox Church of the Moscow Patriarchate has urged Russian President Vladimir Putin for an “early cessation of the fratricidal conflict.” According to Russian President Vladimir Putin, the Russian invasion of Ukraine was the greatest conventional military operation in Europe since World War II. With staunch defiance, Ukrainian President Volodymyr Zelenskyy has resisted Russian military intervention in his nation since 2014. As a result, the death toll has risen to tens of thousands, with 2.5 million people fleeing to neighboring nations like Poland, Hungary, Moldova, Slovakia, and Romania.

Theodore II, the Orthodox patriarch of Alexandria and all of Africa, has said that Russian President Vladimir Putin is “drunk on power” and “the emperor of our times.” Patriarch Daniel of Romania, the patriarch of the Romanian Orthodox Church, has called for an “immediate cessation of hostilities” in Ukraine. On February 24, Georgian Patriarch Illia II issued a dire warning about a “global calamity” and remembered Russia’s invasion of his nation in 2008. In early March, more than 275 Russian Orthodox priests and deacons from all across the globe signed an open letter. The Russian Orthodox Church has produced a series of remarks in which it expresses implicit support for the Ukrainian invasion while refraining from condemning the Russian government in any manner.

After giving an anti-war sermon in Moscow, Father Ioann Burdin, a Russian Orthodox priest, was detained. He appealed for the restoration of peace and unity with Metropolitan Onufry in a sermon delivered on February 27. He did not mention the separatist Orthodox Church in Ukraine, which he described as “a schism.” Many of Putin’s justifications for invading Ukraine, particularly those related to NATO expansion, received backing from the Russian patriarch. According to reliable sources, Orthodox clergy and faithful in Ukraine have voiced their displeasure of Patriarch Kirill’s stance on the issue. Father Stefano Caprio said that the Ukrainian conflict generates a “deep divide” in the Orthodox Church in the United States.

Patriarch Kirill cannot break away from Putin because “he would bring the whole palace crashing down,” as he puts it. Some other autocephalous Orthodox churches, particularly those politically and ecclesiastically aligned with the patriarch, support the patriarch.

Reference
Kyiv Patriarch Rejects Property Seizures, Saying They’ll …. https://www.rferl.org/a/kyiv-patriarch-rejects-property-seizures-saying-they-ll-give-kremlin-pretext-for-incursions/29580539.html

Widespread Orthodox Church Backlash Unleashed Against Russia’s Aggression in Ukraine. https://www.ncregister.com/news/widespread-orthodox-church-backlash-unleashed-against-russia-s-aggression-in-ukraine?fbclid=IwAR3GpA1ftGo9LyZOllnPLt6aJ62Gez0LR6jeWNSo_nbmuSUq7vHmkcJNMMA

United States Supreme Court will hear arguments

Amy and David Carson desired that their daughter Olivia attend Bangor Christian Schools, a private religious elementary through secondary school. Maine has said that it would not subsidize religious education. The United States Supreme Court will hear arguments on whether the state violated the Carsons’ constitutional rights. Carson v. Makin is the most recent in a series of lawsuits petitioning the Supreme Court for a ruling on religious liberty. If the court decides widely, it might have a profound effect on the ability of religious organizations to receive public financing.

Getty Images (2); TIME


It has the potential to “eviscerate” rules prohibiting public sponsorship of religious education. Maine parents have filed a lawsuit against the state for failing to include their favorite schools in a tuition aid program. Plaintiffs and supporters contend that the state discriminates against religious individuals. The case follows a series of previous judgments on public support for religious organizations. The case sets the free exercise provision of the First Amendment against the establishment clause.
According to some legal experts, Carson v. Makin is likely to become an extension of Espinoza. Officials in Maine assert that religious schools do not give an education “equivalent to a public education.” Carson v. Maine calls into question the relationship between religious liberty and LGBTQ rights. Maine contends that Bangor Christian and Temple Academy in Maine discriminate against members of other faiths and instructors and students who identify as LGBTQ. Advocates fear that government money may flow to discriminatory schools if the plaintiffs win.
Maine is just a few states that give this kind of tuition assistance to pupils who live in areas without public school choice. However, experts are concerned that other states may experience similar pressure from religious groups to implement similar schemes. This possibility concerns Americans United for the Separation of Church and State.

Reference

This Supreme Court Case Could Take a ‘Wrecking Ball’ to Separation of Church and State.https://time.com/6125676/maine-religion-schools-supreme-court-carson-makin/?fbclid=IwAR2y4KzyfGY6NuggKM8mZIgYpKYuhD_YqmKoiKzgnDJ7WUKGTBkFzCmgyW8

India International Spiritual Art Festival in Coimbatore

At the ongoing India International Spiritual Art Festival in Coimbatore, a replica of the Nettipattam, a golden mask used to ornament elephants’ foreheads during temple celebrations in Kerala, is displayed in a sparkling and colorful version. As well as an ethnographic nettipattam created by artist Shobha Prem utilizing gold-plated fiber domes, various other exhibitions take center stage during the virtual event (https://SpiritualArtFestival.org/) that will continue for 100 days until November 8, 2021.

From glittering ‘nettipattams’ and crochet art to sculptures, this 100-day virtual exhibition has it all

The exhibition features artworks and sculptures by over 70 artists from India, Poland, South Africa, and Oman, all of whom are inspired by the themes of meditation, awakening, spirituality, knowledge, and inner calm. Vernika Singh’s beautiful sculptures, constructed of aluminum and mild steel, depict humans in Surya-namaskar poses, with the postures, motions, and gestures of the practice highlighted. The bare figures, which are more concerned with the anatomy than face features, quickly capture the viewer’s attention. In Pune, Manasa Priya creates crochet art inspired by children, and Kuppaana Kandgal’s oil paintings include peaceful textures reminiscent of nature. Ishrath Humairah produces fascinating landscapes in abstract textures based on rocks, plants, and the natural world. Her work is exhibited internationally. Finally, Mauli Shah’s kaleidoscope series, painted in watercolors, reflects the banality of everyday life.

According to Blake Willis, a professor of anthropology and education at Fielding Graduate University in California who spoke in a video message on the website, “the art show is an expression of emotions including love, compassion, enlightenment, knowledge, sisterhood, brotherhood, forgiveness, and more.” “It provides deserving artists with a worldwide platform to display their work,” says the curator. We are looking forward to taking in the artwork and learning about the people who created it.”

In addition to being the festival’s director, Kalki Subramaniam is also a transgender activist and novelist. She says the festival promotes emerging artists, with one Delhi-based artist selling five works in a week. “During a pandemic, spiritual power is something we can rely on to keep our cool,” she continues, adding that.

Gautam Jhanjee, an artist, residing in Canberra, has pieces on display at the event. His calligraphic art is inspired by the diverse cultures of his hometown and Maharashtrian and Punjabi influences from India, Oman, Germany, the United Kingdom, and Australia, among other places. Artist Bridget Paul Shibu, who co-curated the event with Kalki, explains that the focus is on lesser-known artists and their experiments with various media in this exhibition. “Muthiah Kasi from Auroville adheres to the use of ethnic, non-toxic earth colors in his creations. Nandkumar Yashwant Kulaye, a Mumbai-based artist, creates abstract constructions out of wood, metal, fiberglass, and sandstone, among other materials. “The show has opened my eyes,” says the actor.

Reference

India International Spiritual Art Festival explores inner peace,https://www.thehindu.com/entertainment/art/india-international-spiritual-art-festival-explores-inner-peace/article36076436.ece1/photo/1/

Pope Francis’ call for legal acceptance of same-sex relationships

Pope Francis’ call for legal acceptance of #same-sex relationships has raised both hope and worries among #LGBTQ Catholics.

“What we need certainly to create is a civil union law,” the pontiff said in “Francesco,” an upcoming documentary from Russian American filmmaker Evgeny Afineevsky. “That way, these are typically legally covered. I stood up for that.”

Image: Pope Francis delivers "Urbi et Orbi" Christmas Day message from main balcony of St. Peter's Basilica

The remarks are a departure from earlier church messaging. Inside the last book, “Memory and Identity,” Pope John Paul II suggested same-sex marriage was “part of an innovative new ideology of evil.”

In 2003, Cardinal Joseph Ratzinger, who later became Pope Benedict XVI, wrote that respect for gays and lesbians “cannot lead in any solution to the approval of homosexual behavior or even to legal recognition of homosexual unions.”

“Legal recognition of homosexual unions or placing them on a single level as marriage will mean not only the approval of deviant behavior,” Ratzinger wrote, “but would also obscure basic values which fit in with the normal inheritance of humanity.” It has not been long ago that African Americans and Whites could intermarry. At that time, some Whites believed that Blacks would destroy the white race. Now, we see that the Pope is making a bold statement. Why are some people concerned about others’ marriage when their marriage ends in divorce because of an unfaithful partner who may be practicing deviant behavior with an individual of a different gender or that same-gender, which leads to adultery? Why get in other people’s business if your business is not perfect? Who gives a person the right to tell others who to love when your Christian bible say, “save yourself”? What would G-d say about one’s prejudice toward a sister or brother who may not share the same beliefs? Are we better than the other person because we know scriptures and many times misquote them without knowing the historial context that time in which scripture was written? If we take the scriptures literally, should we be stoning people?There are gay people in our families, pulpits, professional life who are doctors, lawyers, teachers, nurses, firefighter, ministers, essential workers, and in the church serving in every ministry whether known or unkown. There are just questions to think about.

Reference
Pope’s civil union remarks raise hopes, doubts for gay Catholics. https://www.nbcnews.com/feature/nbc-out/pope-s-civil-union-remarks-raise-hopes-doubts-gay-catholics-n1244337?cid=referral_taboolafeed

The Types of Spiritual Relaxation

Spiritual meditation aims to help someone ponder in depth directly into inner self so that you can for the health of your betta you should know the wisdom and tranquility that lie within. It can also be done by developing awareness, harmony, and natural order into life through meditation. Different techniques can be work to accomplish this.

Different meditation techniques have also been developed since ancient history within the work to help people end up with a higher state of consciousness. This usually incorporates the opportunity to pass the mind of distractions and focusing mainly on the self. Below are a few considering the techniques that a lot of people utilize to communicate with their spiritual consciousness through meditation.

One of the ancient techniques in meditation used is one that Buddhists practice. This approach is termed mindfulness meditation and involves discovering how to know in regards to the things which one does and the things which are happening around with the very moment. One of these meditation techniques can be time-consuming to master and involves all of these steps.

Your first step will be abstinence due to the five moral rules that are killing, stealing, lying, sexual misconduct, and of course, the utilization of toxic substances. The second step will be the practice of Anapana Meditation for three as well as a half days the place where a person is taught how you can meditate while specializing in one’s breathing. The third step involves purifying your mental state, which requires self-observation for six and a half days. The fourth step involves speaking and living an extroverted life. This meditation technique closes having the practice of Metta Bhavana, which consists of sharing the purity developed web-sites.

Another kind of meditation technique is Transcendental Meditation, the foremost debated and researched one among many meditation types. This type of meditation aims to help one attain enlightenment if practiced for a very long time. This meditation technique will help increase intelligence and creativity. This system does not require the mastery of inauspicious breathing techniques as well as the utility of some unique postures. A person needs until you learn how to concentrate by being in a relaxed and comfortable posture and position.

Another meditation technique is vibrational meditation, which involves the repetition of a new mantra, a particular word, or maybe a sound that becomes the focal point of a given meditation process. The vibrations that may be created by making the word or sound practical knowledge passing through our bodies. During meditation, an individual would be to concentrate on hardly anything else the sound while it is uttered repeatedly.

The Walking Meditation is among the numerous other varieties of meditation methods that may help one communicate with one’s inner self. It involves understanding how to focus the mind while walking. Although this meditation technique is rarely simple or easy to practice, it could prove to be very beneficial. This type of meditation involves paying attention to the feet while meditating and trying don’t let the mind wander away from every step taken.

These several types of spiritual meditation techniques take some time to get down. It very possibly could be hard for some people to get used to concentrating on a thing you need, due much of the time towards the influence around the world generally speaking and just how it correlates has clouded and cluttered your mental state with thoughts of problems, worries, and stress. But with regular practice and subsequently initiating a specific type of meditation technique a typical habit, people may have the capacity to browse their inner selves more effectively and after that, reaching a higher understanding of consciousness that could help one attain inner peace.

Author Resource Box:
Contrasting Washing Machines – Top 5 Tips on Deciding on a …. https://hallregret1.wordpress.com/2017/07/06/contrasting-washing-machines-top-5-tips-on-deciding-on-a-washer/


The Types of Spiritual Meditation – Meditation Music Playlists. https://www.music2meditate.org/the-types-of-spiritual-meditation.html

What Are The Spiritual Benefits Of Meditation?. https://www.meditationlifeskills.com/what-are-the-spiritual-benefits-of-meditation/


Types of Meditation – A Healthy Us.. https://ahealthy.us/types-of-meditation/

The best way to Consider When Choosing a faith

Have you already recently decided that you would like to attend church? If you’re a grown-up, you have a wide range of different decisions to make. In case you have not attended church for some time now, you may be curious about attending a brand new church other than an issue that you may have visited during childhood. The fact is, many adults are currently embarking on choosing new religions. If you are interested in doing the same, you’ll want to go on reading on.

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When it’s time to pick a religion to comply with and assist, many individuals mistakenly make their decision instantly. Even if you are allowed to help make changes right now, you will see how the determination to adhere to and assist a precise religion is considered one that’s meant to follow you along with regularly. That’s the reason it is essential you carefully decide which religion you’d like to follow. That’s why this is a decision that should not be going to be made traveling on an impulse or a whim.

Whenever you reach the point within your life in which you are fascinated by devoting your self to a religion, whether it be now or in conjunction with the longer term, there are several essential factors that you’ll want to take into a note. A type of consideration might be your beliefs. A thing you need that a significant number of religions are known for might be their strong beliefs, many of which appear just as if they are set in stone. Yes, many religions are slowly beginning to evolve with time. However, this will still be an element that you would want to take into a note. Make sure to pick a religion that you may fully support and trust in.

Alongside getting a religion that you believe you’ll be able to truly back the. Additionally, it would help if you found a religion that appeals to your account. In the event you have already announced that you are looking and get a new religion or a new church to attend, there is a likely chance that you have already been receiving feedback or recommendations from the ones that you recognize, namely all your family members. While these recommendations could provide useful insight according to your needs, it is vital that you may stick with your own heart and also your own beliefs. The single last thing that you ought to do is attend a church, although your parents think it’s the “right,” action to take.

In keeping with paying attention to what you would like or believe in, in preference with what individuals around you think, it is also crucial that you not place too much concentrate on your community. North America, certain people, couples, and families have selected their religions dictated by the popularity in their community. Yes, Christianity can be accessible in the community; therefore could seem almost like any of your friends, kin, or neighbors are supporters; it doesn’t prove that you must be. Even if you must cross into a further town to be available for church services, it is advised that you may achieve this, so long as you’ll be able to follow and support the faith which you, yourself, handpicked.

The preceding mentioned points are all points that you will want to take into accounts if you do decide that must be time to refocus on religion. As you likely are aware, you have a great deal of work and research in advance of you, as deciding on a new religion often seems much like an overwhelming process.

Being a reminder, you must select your religion based on you and your private wants, needs, and beliefs. To assist ensure you are generating the most appropriate decision, you may wish to examine multiple religions. You can achieve this by reviewing printed materials, that may be found in many libraries and book stores, and also by utilizing the internet. It may require even analysis to schedule appointments with pastors of your local churches to view what assistance or insight they will be able to offer you within your resolution-making method process.

Author Resource Box:
Have you been quilting along with the Moda Bake Shop and …. https://my.modafabrics.com/wp-content/uploads/2016/02/MBS-QAL-cut-sew-press-repeat.pdf

Lebanese Druze

Lebanese Druze (Arabic: دروز لبنان‎) are Lebanese individuals that adhere considering the Druze faith, an ethno religious private group originating from the Near East who self identify as unitarians (Muwahhideen).

The Lebanese Druze people are considered to constitute about 5.2 percent of a given total population of Lebanon and also have around 1.5 million members worldwide. The Druze, who refer to themselves as al-Muwahhideen, or “believers in one God,” are concentrated in the rural, mountainous areas east and south of Beirut.

Under the Lebanese political division (Parliament of Lebanon Seat Allocation), the Druze community is known as one of the many five Lebanese Muslim communities in Lebanon (Sunni, Shia, Druze, Alawi, and Ismaili), even though the Druze are not used considered Muslim. Lebanon’s constitution was intended to guarantee political representation for any of a given nation’s ethnoreligious groups.

Below the regulations of an unwritten agreement known as the National Pact amongst the various political and spiritual leaders of Lebanon, the leading of a given General Staff must be a Druze.

The Druze faith doesn’t follow the Five Pillars of Islam, namely fasting during the month of Ramadan, and making a pilgrimage to Mecca. The Druze beliefs incorporate parts of Ismailism, Gnosticism, Neoplatonism as well as other philosophies. The Druze call themselves Ahl al-Tawhid “People of Unitarianism or Monotheism” or “al-Muwaḥḥidūn.”

The Tanukhids inaugurated the Druze community in Lebanon when the majority of them accepted and a new message that has been preached in the 11th century as a result of their leadership’s close ties with then Fatimid ruler Al-Hakim bi-Amr Allah.

The Druze community in Lebanon played a significant role in the formation of the modern state of Lebanon. Also, though they are a minority, they play a crucial factor in the Lebanese political scene. Before as well as throughout the Lebanese The civil war conflict (1975–90), the Druze were in favor of Pan-Arabism and Palestinian resistance represented from the PLO. Almost all of the community supported the Progressive Socialist Party formed right by their leader Kamal Jumblatt and then they will fight alongside other leftist and Palestinian parties contrary to the Lebanese Front that was mainly constituted of Christians. Right after the assassination of Kamal Jumblatt on March 16, 1977, his offspring Walid Jumblatt took the leadership of one’s party and played an essential role in preserving his father’s legacy after winning the Mountain War and sustained the occurrence the Druze community through the sectarian bloodshed that lasted until 1990.

In August 2001, Maronite Catholic Patriarch Nasrallah Boutros Sfeir toured the predominantly Druze Chouf topic of Mount Lebanon and visited Mukhtara, the ancestral stronghold of Druze leader Walid Jumblatt. The tumultuous reception that Sfeir received not only signified a historic reconciliation between Maronites and Druze, who fought a bloody war in 1983–84, but underscored the reality that the banner of Lebanese sovereignty had a broad multi-confessional appeal which resulted in being harmed a cornerstone when it comes to the Cedar Revolution in 2005. Jumblatt’s post-2005 position diverged sharply, beginning with the tradition of his family. He also accused Damascus of being behind the 1977 assassination of his father, Kamal Jumblatt, expressing the first time what many knew he privately suspected. The BBC describes Jumblatt as “the best leader of Lebanon’s strongest Druze clan and heir to your leftist political dynasty.” The second-biggest political party supported by Druze happens to be the Lebanese Democratic Party led by Prince Talal Arslan, the son of Lebanese independence hero Emir Majid Arslan.

On May 10, 2008, during the 2008 Conflict, clashes occurred between Hezbollah forces and Druze militias in their mountain, resulting in casualties on the two sides. The disputes were started in Aytat, near Kayfoun, and in a little while expanded to cover many spots in Mount Lebanon, including Baysur, Shuweifat, and Aley. A lot of the fighting was targeting Hill 888. After negotiations, a ceasefire was called in from outside the country before Hezbollah could call in artillery support. Releases from Hezbollah leaders in 2016 stated that bombing the mountain with close-range artillery due to the South and longer-ranged artillery from Syria were both one great option and much considered.

Author’s resource box:

Lebanese Druze – Wikipedia. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Druze_in_Lebanon

Exactly what does the Hebrew tradition say about spirituality?

Image result for Hebrew tradition

In the Hebrew Bible, these three words, while not perfectly interchangeable, are sometimes used similarly. Both ruaḥ and n’shamah check with the life span breathed by God into humankind and are conjoined in the same verse when Genesis speaks of nishmat ruaḥ ḥayyim, “the n’shamah of the ruaḥ of life.” Ruaḥ and nefesh frequently designate a person’s mental and emotional state and constitution, or what it is that we might call today his or her “self,” as in verses like “And it happened each day that he [Pharaoh] was troubled [va-tipa’em ruḥo, literally, “his spirit was excited”], or even the Psalmist’s “Thy comforts delight me [nafshi].” N’shamah tends to be a phrase for the life of human beings generally or for any living being, as in “And Joshua smote all the country considering the hills . . . and destroyed all that lived [literally, “every n’shamah”].”

However there is no word in the Hebrew Bible equivalent to “spiritual” or “spirituality.” Neither is there one within the Talmud, wherein, however, the word n’shamah represents a meaning of that sort in our English “soul”—a divine substance or presence that inhabits and animates our body while becoming endowed by us with a character uniquely its own. It is really an concept that the Judaism considering the first centuries of the Common Era shared with Christianity and various Gnostic and Neoplatonic groups; whether we know in a soul or otherwise, our contemporary notion of spirituality falls back on it.
However whereas Christianity had a term for “spiritual” from its inception—Paul, in his New Testament epistles, uses the Greek word pneumatikos, which the Latin church fathers translated as spiritalis—rabbinic Judaism, precisely because it resisted stressing the inwardly “spiritual” life at the expense of the outward lifetime of God-given commandments and their observance, did not develop its equivalent term of ruḥani till the Dark ages.

Moreover, ruḥani in medieval Judaism did not mean the same thing as “spiritual” did in Christianity or does today. Both medieval Jewish philosophy and Kabbalah divided a person’s psyche into three parts: the nefesh, which was liable for biological functions; the ruaḥ, that was accountable for intellectual ones; and of course the n’shamah, which was what nowadays could be thought of as a person’s “spiritual” side. In modern Hebrew, too, ruḥani is most often better translated as “intellectual” than “spiritual.”

In East European Hasidism, it s correct, rukhniyus (the Ashkenazi pronunciation of ruḥaniyut, in which the Hebrew suffix –ut is parallel towards the “-ity” of “spirituality”), instead of gashmiyus or “materialism,” was sometimes used as “spirituality” is in English today. However there are other, more common terms in Ḥasidism for a state of religious inwardness and closeness to God, and none among the ever posited a dichotomy amongst the latter and the outward practice of Jewish ritual, prayer, and custom. Quite the opposite: outward practice was a precondition for inward “spirituality.”

Author Resource Box:
https://mosaicmagazine.com/observation/religion-holidays/2018/08/why-theres-no-word-in-the-hebrew-bible-for-spirituality/

Buddhist Meditation

Remember those Chinese style movies that feature monks from their heads shaved off? Well, those folks practice Buddhism, which is undoubtedly a spiritual movement invented to make the person choose the facts of life. In the center with this is meditation, which happens to be the way of making this possible.

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Yet to understand Buddhist Meditation, you have to know about Buddhism itself is centered upon the Four Noble Truths. First, we have to be aware that there is undoubtedly suffering on the earth which happens because of our ignorance and our desires. At times when we do understand ourselves, we could finally find a way to turn out this suffering. Individuals that obtain the answer took a state of Nirvana.

This then leads us into the core of Buddhist meditation that is the practice of the eightfold path. These virtues namely are the right action, right concentration, right effort, right livelihood, right mindfulness, right speech, right thought, and right view.

The proceedings of Buddhist Meditation are based upon two things. The very first is known as “Samatha,” which implies tranquility, and of course the second is named “Vipassana” this means mindfulness.

 Let’s explore this somewhat further. “Samatha” meditation involves a great deal of breathing, which happens to be invented to develop concentration, detachment, equanimity, and happiness. There are actually 40 Samatha meditations, and each teaches the brain to one single object to produce various states of tranquility.

Vipassana meditation, on the other hand, develops self-understanding by having in a position to comprehend the stuff that intends inside one’s head. By practicing this regularly, you certainly will soon develop wisdom that will make you with nonsuffering.

But must you become a follower of Buddhism so that you can practice this kind of meditation? The actual answer, no matter if this approach is based upon the doctrines of the religion and relates to concentration and mind control.

For those who wish to experience Buddhist meditation, the first thing you should do is find an inaccessible place where you are able to achieve this without being disturbed. Next, get that beautiful soft pillow or cushion to sit down on in the event the floor is certainly not that comfortable for you. 

Now, let your hands rest on their crib, considering the palms facing upward. It’s hard to lie in this position in just 5 minutes or maybe more so don’t hesitate to produce a few slight adjustments. The important thing may be that you happen to be comfortable in the manner you are.

Then it is almost time for them to close your eyes and focus on your breathing. We’ve made it simple to do this fact is that there are 4 proper methods. You could possibly inhale and exhale long, inhale and exhale short, inhale short and exhale long or inhale long and exhale short.

 It will take the necessary time prior to obtaining the hang of things. For fun’s sake, don’t forget to unwind all your muscles, so your mind and body are able to represent one.

Buddhist meditation is just among several other techniques around that could help relieve you from stress, actually make you think far better to have a better outlook in life and do many different items that will optimize your overall physical health

If you do, in fact, appreciate what Buddhist Meditation can do, you could possibly already spend money on cushions, prayer beads, incense, and a few other accessories. It is often optional, so don’t think that just because they are not around that your particular experience is not just a sizable one.

Author Resource Box:

Buddhist MEDITATION | Alternative Knowledge-Pool. https://knowledge-pool-eso.blogspot.com/2017/05/buddhist-meditation.html

Learn The Basics Of Vipassana Meditation Technique | prCvir. https://prcvir.com/blog/vipassana-meditation-technique/