Francis Albert “Frank” Sinatra, in my family tree

Frank Sinatra '57.jpg

Francis Albert Sinatra was an American singer, actor, and director, one of the most influential and important musical artists of the 20th century. He is one of the best-selling recording acts of all time, selling more than 150 million albums worldwide. He appears in my genealogical chart as the husband of 14th cousin 5x removed.

Why are Trump stoking ‘birther’ conspiracy theory about Kamala Harris?

President Donald Trump claims he has “overheard” Democratic candidate Kamala Harris “does not meet the requirements” to serve as US vice-president, enlarging a fringe legal theory pundits decry as racist.

She was born in the US to a Jamaican father and Indian mother in Oakland, California, on 20 October 1964.

As such, she is qualified to function as president or vice-president.

For a long time, Mr Trump presented a untrue “birther” theory that ex-President Barack Obama was not born in the United States.

Ms Harris, a California senator, was named on Tuesday as the first woman of color to work as running partner on a principal-party US presidential ticket.

Reference:

Trump stokes ‘birther’ conspiracy theory about Kamala Harris. https://www.bbc.com/news/world-us-canada-53774289

Mark Robert Michael Wahlberg , Actor, Rapper, Producer,

Mark Robert Michael Wahlberg is my 13th cousins 2x removed. Sir Robert Lytton, Knight of Knebworth is my 12 great grandfather we share.

Mark Robert Michael Wahlberg (born June 5, 1971) is an American actor, producer, restaurateur, and former rapper. He was known by his past stage name Marky Mark from his career with the party Marky Mark plus the Funky Bunch, together with whom he launched the albums Audio regarding the People (1991) and You Gotta Consider (1992).

Wahlberg moved forward from music to performing, with his display screen premiere in Renaissance Man (1994) wonderful, very first featuring part in Fear (1996). He obtained an essential reward for his / her performance as adult actor Dirk Diggler in Boogie Times. At the beginning of the 2000s, he launched directly into big-budget action-oriented cinema, such as The Perfect Storm (2000), Planet of the Apes (2001), and The Italian Job (2003). They nominated him for the Academy Award for Best Supporting Actor for playing a law enforcement officer in the law-breaking drama The Departed (2006). They nominated him for the Golden Globe Award for Best Actor for the biographical sports drama The Fighter (2010), in which he starred as Micky Ward. In the 2010s, he landed positive comedy tasks with The Other Fellas (2010), Ted (2012), its 2015 follow up, Daddy’s Home (2015), and it is 2017 follow up. He also evolved into the top part inside the Transformers live-action silver screen franchise (2014, 2017). He was, in fact, the world’s best-paid supporting character in 2017.

Wahlberg also served as executive producer of 5 HBO series: typically the comedy-drama Entourage (2004-2011), the period crime theater Boardwalk Empire (2010-2014), the comedy-dramas Making It in America (2010-2011) and Ballers (2015-2019), and the documentary McMillions (2020). He was co-owner of the Wahlburgers cycle and co-starred inside the reality TV series regarding it. He received a new star on the Artist Walk of Celebrity in 2010.

Reference:

Mark Wahlberg. https://www.imdb.com/name/nm0000242/bio

Ethnic Inequities Will Grow Unless We Consciously Work to get rid of it

The economic after-effects from the coronavirus pandemic guarantees to affect families throughout the United States and future decades for years to come. The downturn will probably hit African Americans hardest, exacerbating huge, long-standing racial wealth spaces. Because these inequities possess historical roots, looking at how they contribute to intergenerational inequality will help citizens, policymakers, and stakeholders create policies that move the country toward racial collateral.
We cannot start 20, 50, or even a century ago; we need to start. Four hundred years ago, white people trafficked and enslaved African people to build their particular wealth.

Centuries of systemic and structural racism followed, and it was not really until 1865 that the 13th Amendment passed and officially released Black people from bondage. For almost 100 years, Jim Crow laws and regulations and discriminatory practices forced racial segregation and impaired efforts to reduce or eliminate the racial wealth gap.

Limited covenants and redlining avoided Black people from buying homes in many neighborhoods; the Black Codes prohibited many Black people from creating profitable businesses, and white mob violence destroyed the firms of many other Black business owners and being denied entry to better-paying jobs got more difficult for Black family members
to accrue savings to get down payments on homes or accumulate cash about business investments.

Reference:
Racial Inequities Will Grow Unless We Consciously Work to …. https://www.urban.org/urban-wire/racial-inequities-will-grow-unless-we-consciously-work-eliminate-them

Did you know you could trace your DNA back to Ancient Egyptians?

Research released in 2017 identified the removal and investigation of DNA from 151 mummified ancient Egyptian individuals, whose remains to be were recovered coming from Abusir el-Meleq in Middle Egypt. Obtaining well-preserved, uncontaminated DNA coming from mummies has been an issue for the discipline of archaeogenetics, and these samples offered the initial dependable data set from ancient Egyptians applying high-throughput DNA sequencing strategies. The individuals were living in an interval stretching from the past due to the New Kingdom to the Both roman era (1388 BCE-426 CE). Comprehensive mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) sequences were acquired intended for 90 of the mummies and were in contrast to each other and with many other ancient and modern datasets. The researchers found the ancient Egyptian people in their dataset possessed highly comparable mitochondrial profiles through the analyzed period. Contemporary Egyptians generally distributed this maternal haplogroup structure, but likewise carried more Sub-Saharan African clades.
Nevertheless, analysis of the mummies’ mtDNA haplogroups discovered that they shared higher mitochondrial affinities with modern populations from your Near East as well as the Levant in comparison to contemporary Egyptians. On top of that, 3 of the ancient Egyptian individuals were analyzed for Y-DNA, two were designated towards the Middle-Eastern haplogroup M and one to haplogroup E1b1b1 prevalent in North Africa. The experts advised that the affinities of the evaluated historic Egyptian specimens might not be representative of those of almost all ancient Egyptians, given that they were from just one archaeological location.

This is a study of Ancient DNA that connects me the Pharaohs of Egypt. This book is published on Amazon.

This book examines the history of Rameses, who was an excellent Pharaoh in Egypt. The details address the success, failure, and the death of this ruler. At the end of this book is a genealogical chart that connects the author to this Great Pharaoh.

Genealogy Connection

Genealogy is the investigation of family members, family history, and the looking up with their lineages. Genealogists use standard interviews, historical documents, genetic analysis, and other records to acquire information about a family and to show kinship and pedigrees of its members. The answers are often displayed in graphs or written as narratives. Though generally used alternately, the traditional definition of “genealogy” starts with a person who is usually departed and traces his or her ancestor back in time, whereas “family background” begins with an individual who is generally living and records his or her ancestors and forefathers.

Here is a resource to put in your library or it may be helpful to you in your search for ancestors. You can find this book on Amazon.

Genealogical research is just a complicated procedure that makes use of historical records and often genetic analysis to show kinship. Reliable conclusions depend on the product quality of sources, ideally original documents, the information within those resources, ideally primary or firsthand knowledge, therefore the evidence that will end up being drawn, directly or from that information. In many instances, I have skillfully assembled indirect or circumstantial evidence to build a situation for identity and kinship — all proof, conclusions, and documentation that supports the research. The information was put together to produce a cohesive genealogy or family history, as well as how the president of the United States is a definite part of my family.

Did you learn anything from the Impeachment hearings live updates?

After eight-hour hearing Wednesday with four constitutional scholars, House Judiciary Committee Chairman Jerrold Nadler (D-N.Y.) said President Trump’s conduct with Ukraine rose to an impeachable offense.

Three law professors who testified were summoned by the Democrats, while another was tapped by Republicans. The GOP-picked witness cautioned against moving too quickly with impeachment, although the other three argued that Trump’s behavior is impeachable.

The inquiry has moved into a brand new phase after the House Intelligence Committee voted along party lines Tuesday to approve a 300-page report that concluded Trump had compromised national security to advance his personal political interests.”

In the centre associated with the Democrats’ case is the allegation that Trump attempted to leverage a White House meeting and military aid, sought by Ukraine when confronted with Russian military aggression, to pressure President Volodymyr Zelensky to launch investigations of former vice president Joe Biden and his son Hunter, in addition to an unfounded theory that Kyiv conspired with Democrats to interfere into the 2016 presidential election.

Author’s resource box: https://www.washingtonpost.com/politics/impeachment-hearings-live-updates/2019/12/04/b7cc7b4e-1682-11ea-a659-7d69641c6ff7_story.html

The History of Ethiopian Jewry

The Jewish community in Ethiopia — the Beta Israel (House of Israel) — has existed for about 15 centuries.

Image result for Ethiopian Jews

Due to low literacy levels, a tendency to rely on oral traditions, and nomadic lifestyles among most Ethiopians before the 20th century, historical material about this community is scant and unreliable. However, a tentative story can be put together from written records of Ethiopian rulers along with testimony from Beta Israel themselves.

Origins of the Community
Most likely, Beta Israel made their way to Ethiopia between the first and sixth centuries, coming as merchants or artisans from various countries within the region.

An Ethiopian Jewish family shortly after arriving in Israel in 2009. (Jewish Agency for Israel/Flickr)An Ethiopian Jewish family shortly after arriving in Israel in 09.

Scholars once believed that during the Middle Ages, Beta Israel was a homogeneous group living under unified, autonomous Jewish rule. Yet discoveries have shown the reality is much more complicated. It seems the Ethiopian Jewish community was, for the most part, fragmented both physically and religiously, with each Beta Israel village appointing its own spiritual and secular leaders. There was little contact between Beta Israel communities, and usually no overarching leadership uniting them.

Sometimes Beta Israel was treated well from the Ethiopian monarchy, but at other times they suffered persecution. Many fellow Ethiopians refer to Beta Israel as Falasha (a derogatory term meaning outsider), In 1624, the ruling king’s army captured many Ethiopian Jews, forced them to be able to be baptized, and denied them the right to own land. Based on local legend, some participants in Beta Israel chose suicide over conversion.

Religious Life
Because the Beta Israel community existed as an isolated condition from other Jewish communities around the world, they formed a unique set of ethical practices — in specific ways, quite different from what is usually considered “Jewish.” For instance, the online order of Ethiopian Jewish monks was founded in the 15th century to strengthen the community’s religious identity and resist Christian influence. This monastic movement introduced a systematic strategy to spiritual practice, creating new religious literature and prayers, and adopting laws of formality purity. Historians found out about the community’s religious life within the 19th century from the writings of Joseph Halevy, a French Jew who visited the world in 1867. He provided the first eyewitness account of Beta Israel’s life coming from a European Jewish perspective. However, Halevy described a residential area that followed legal sections in the Hebrew Bible and observed laws of purity surrounding menstruation, birth, and death. They observed Shabbat and believed in values, for instance, respecting elders, receiving guests, and visiting mourners. They referred to the Torah as Orit (possibly beginning with the Aramaic term for the Torah, Oraita), and kept their Torah scrolls contain colorful cloths in houses of prayer or the properties of 1 of the kessim (priests).

Ethiopian rabbis (Kessim) with the ceremony associated with a new spiritual leader in Ashkelon, Israel, in 2012. (Wikimedia Commons)Ethiopian rabbis (Kessim) at the tradition of a new spiritual leader in Ashkelon, Israel, in 2012. Like today in Israel, Ethiopian Jews celebrated Sigd, a festival that commemorates the giving of the Torah. On this holiday, community members would quick, climb the highest mountain within the area, and listen to the kessim chant passages of the Hebrew Bible, particularly the Book of Nehemiah. At the later part of the day, they might descend, break their fast, and rejoice in their renewed acceptance of the Orit.

Missionaries and Trying Times
At the time of Halevy’s report, perhaps one of the biggest challenges facing the Ethiopian Jewish community was European missionary activity. Although the community had frequently been provoked to convert by Ethiopian authorities, missionaries from abroad — with large-scale, organized missions — presented an even stronger threat.

European missionaries, well-versed in the Hebrew Bible, were educated and skilled in debate. Beta Israel’s clergy could not compete. By providing schools and Bibles written in the local language, Amharic, the missionaries challenged the community’s practice and faith.

On any range of occasions, Beta Israel’s monastic clergy tried to escape the missionaries’ influence by leading their communities to the Promised Land (Israel). More often than not, these journeys were disastrous. One particular attempt in 1862 ended in large-scale starvation and death.

Between 1882 and 1892, the regions of Ethiopia where Beta Israel lived experienced a famine that killed approximately one third to one half of Beta Israel.

This world Jewish Community
Halevy’s student, Jaques Faitlovitch, was the very first Jewish foreigner to operate in earnest on improving conditions regarding the Ethiopian Jewish community. Arriving for his first visit in 1904 and returning many times in subsequent years, Faitlovitch created tiny schools in Addis Ababa for Beta Israel members, hand-picked 25 young leaders for education abroad, and acted as an emissary concerning this world Jewish community.

Faitlovich secured two letters from rabbis abroad, acknowledging Beta Israel as fellow Jews. The very first letter, written in 1906, called Beta Israel, “our brethren, sons of Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob, who live in Abyssinia” and “our flesh and blood.” The letter, which promised to help the community within its religious education, was signed by 44 world Jewish leaders, including the chief rabbis of London and Vienna and of course, the Sephardic Chief Rabbi of Jerusalem.

The next letter, from 1921, was written by Rabbi Abraham Isaac Kook, the revered Ashkenazic Chief Rabbi of Palestine. He called on the Jewish people worldwide to avoid wasting Beta Israel — “50,000 holy souls considering the house of Israel” — from “extinction and contamination.”

Faitlovich’s work towards behalf of the Beta Israel community arrived in a dramatic halt with the Italian invasion of Ethiopia in 1935-6. Under fascist rule, it became forbidden to experience Judaism in Ethiopia.

Some of Faitlovitch’s work was undeniably controversial — he made a schism dividing the young, westernized leaders he chose beginning with the elders of the rural communities. But, till the 1960s, no person but Faitlovitch took such a dedicated interest in the community, invested in it financially and educationally, and visited with such regularity. Moreover, it was the letters that Faitlovitch delivered to Ethiopia from Kook along with other contemporary Jewish leaders that allowed Beta Israel to cling to their dreams of returning to the Promised Land, and, decades later, for world Jewry to readily accept them.

Author Resource Box:
https://www.myjewishlearning.com/article/the-history-of-ethiopian-jewry/

What Do Jews Believe About Jesus?

Jesus is the central figure of Christianity, believed by Christians to be the messiah, the son of God and the second person in the Trinity.

Photo by Luis Quintero on Pexels.com

What do Jews believe about Jesus?
For some Jews, the name alone is nearly synonymous with pogroms and Christian anti-Semitism.Other Jews, recently, have come to regard him as a Jewish teacher. This does not mean, however, that they believe, as Christians do, that he was raised from the dead or was the messiah.While many people now regard Jesus as the founder of Christianity, it is important to note that he did not intend to establish a new religion, at least according to the earliest sources, and he never used the term “Christian.” He was born and lived as a Jew, and his earliest followers were Jews as well. Christianity emerged as a separate religion only in the centuries after Jesus’ death.

Who Was Jesus?

Virtually all of what is known about the historical Jesus comes from the four New Testament Gospels — Matthew, Mark, Luke and John — which scholars believe were written several decades after Jesus’ death.
While there is no archaeological or other physical evidence for his existence, most scholars agree that Jesus did exist and that he was born sometime in the decade before the Common Era and crucified sometime between 26-36 CE (the years when the Roman governor, Pontius Pilate, ruled Judea).

He lived at a time when the Roman Empire ruled what is now Israel and sectarianism was rife, with major tensions among Jews not only over how much to cooperate with the Romans but also how to interpret Torah . It was also, for some, a restive time when displeasure with Roman policies, as well as with the Temple high priests, bred hopes for a messianic redeemer who would throw off the foreign occupiers and restore Jewish sovereignty in the Land of Israel.

Illustration depicting Jesus fishing in the Sea of Galilee with some of his followers. (From “At Home’ by Grace Stebbing, published by John F Shaw & Co)


Was Jesus the Messiah?

The question “was Jesus the messiah?” requires a prior question: “What is the definition of messiah?” The Prophets (Nevi’im), who wrote hundreds of years before Jesus’ birth, envisioned a messianic age as as a period of universal peace, in which war and hunger are eradicated, and humanity accepts God’s sovereignty. By the first century, the view developed that the messianic age would witness a general resurrection of the dead, the in-gathering of all the Jews, including the 10 lost tribes, to the land of Israel, a final judgment and universal peace.

Some Jews expected the messiah to be a descendant ofKing David (based on an interpretation of God’s promise to David in of an eternal kingdom). The Dead Sea Scrolls speak of two messiahs: one a military leader and the other a priest. Still other Jews expected the prophet Elijah, or the angel Michael, or Enoch, or any number of other figures to usher in the messianic age.
Stories in the Gospels about Jesus healing the sick, raising the dead, and proclaiming the imminence of the kingdom of heaven suggest that his followers regarded him as appointed by God to bring about the messianic age.


More than 1,000 years after Jesus’ crucifixion, the medieval sage Maimonides (also known as Rambam) laid out in his Mishneh Torah specific things Jews believe the messiah must accomplish in order to confirm his identity — among them restoring the kingdom of David to its former glory, achieving victory in battle against Israel’s enemies, rebuilding the temple (which the Romans destroyed in 70 CE) and ingathering the exiles to the land of Israel. “And if he’s not successful with this, or if he is killed, it’s known that he is not the one that was promised by the Torah,” Maimonides wrote.


What About Jews for Jesus? Jews for Jesus is one branch of a wider movement called Messianic Jews. Members of this movement are not accepted as Jewish by the broader Jewish community, even though some adherents may have been born Jewish and their ritual life includes Jewish practices. While an individual Jew could accept Jesus as the messiah and technically remain Jewish — rejection of any core Jewish belief or practice does not negate one’s Jewishness — the beliefs of messianic Jews are theologically incompatible with Judaism.


Did the Jews Kill Jesus?

No. Jesus was executed by the Romans. Crucifixion was a Roman form of execution, not a Jewish one.

For most of Christian history, Jews were held responsible for the death of Jesus. This is because the New Testament tends to place the blame specifically on the Temple leadership and more generally on Jewish people. According to the Gospels, the Roman governor Pontius Pilate was reluctant to execute Jesus but was egged on by bloodthirsty Jews — a scene famously captured in Mel Gibson’s controversial 2004 film “The Passion of the Christ” According to the Gospel of Matthew, after Pilate washes his hands and declares himself innocent of Jesus’ death, “all the people” (i.e., all the Jews in Jerusalem) respond, “His blood be on us and on our children” (Matthew 27:25).

This “blood cry” and other verses were used to justify centuries of Christian prejudice against Jews. In 1965, the Vatican promulgated a document called “Nostra Aetate” (Latin for “In Our Time”) which stated that Jews in general should not be held responsible for the death of Jesus. This text paved the way for a historic rapprochement between Jews and Catholics. Several Protestant denominations across the globe subsequently adopted similar statements.

A mosaic in Jerusalem’s Evangelical Lutheran Church of Ascension depicting Jesus’ crucifixion. (iStock)
Why Was Jesus Killed?Some have suggested that Jesus was a political rebel who sought the restoration of Jewish sovereignty and was executed by the Romans for sedition — an argument put forth in two recent works: Reza Aslan’s Zealot and Shmuley Boteach’s Kosher Jesus. However, this thesis is not widely accepted by New Testament scholars. Had Rome regarded Jesus as the leader of a band of revolutionaries, it would have rounded up his followers as well. Nor is there any evidence in the New Testament to suggest that Jesus and his followers were zealots interested in an armed rebellion against Rome. More likely is the hypothesis that Romans viewed Jesus as a threat to the peace and killed him because he was gaining adherents who saw him as a messianic figure.

Did Jesus Reject Judaism?Some have interpreted certain verses in the Gospels as rejections of Jewish belief and practice. In the Gospel of Mark, for example, Jesus is said to have declared forbidden foods “clean” — a verse commonly understood as a rejection of kosher dietary laws — but this is Mark’s extrapolation and not necessarily Jesus’ intention. Jesus and his earliest Jewish followers continued to follow Jewish law.

The New Testament also include numerous verses testifying to Jesus as equal to God and as divine — a belief hard to reconcile with Judaism’s insistence on God’s oneness. However, some Jews at the time found the idea that the divine could take on human form compatible with their tradition. Others might have regarded Jesus as an angel, such as the “Angel of the Lord” who appears in Genesis 16,Genesis 22(in the burning bush) and elsewhere.

Are There Jewish Texts that Reference Jesus?Yes. The first-century Jewish historian Josephus mentions Jesus, although the major reference in his Antiquities of the Jews appears to have been edited and augmented by Christian scribes. There are a few references in the Talmud to “Yeshu,” which many authorities understand as referring to Jesus.

The Talmud tractate Sanhedrin originally recorded that Yeshu the Nazarene was hung on the eve of Passover for the crime of leading Jews astray. This reference was excised from later versions of the Talmud, most likely because of its use by Christians as a pretext for persecution.

In the medieval period, a work called Toledot Yeshu presented an alternative history of Jesus that rejects cardinal Christian beliefs. The work, which is not part of the canon of rabbinic literature, is not widely known.

Maimonides, in his Mishneh Torah, describes Jesus as the failed messiah foreseen by the prophet Daniel. Rather than redeeming Israel, Maimonides writes, Jesus caused Jews to be killed and exiled, changed the Torah and led the world to worship a false God.

Reference

https://www.myjewishlearning.com/article/what-do-jews-believe-about-jesus/?utm_source=mjl_maropost&utm_campaign=MJL&utm_medium=email&mpweb=1161-12142-209215

President Calvin Coolidge, the 30th president of the United, 16th cousin 3x removed

President Calvin Coolidge is my 16th cousin 3x removed. The ancestor who connects us together is Robert Charlton* (Cherlton) (1220 – 1300), my 15 great grandfather.

Biography. Calvin Coolidge (born John Calvin Coolidge Jr.; July 4, 1872 – January 5, 1933) was a politician and lawyer who served as the 30th president of one’s the United States from 1923 to 1929. A Republican lawyer from Maine, born in Vermont, Coolidge worked his way the ladder of Massachusetts state politics, eventually becoming governor. His reaction to the Boston Police Strike of 1919 thrust him into the national spotlight and gave him a reputation being a man of decisive action.

Calvin Coolidge cph.3g10777 (cropped).jpg

A subsequent year, that was transpiring elected vice president of one’s the United States, also the CEO succeeded towards the presidency-related to the sudden death of Warren G. Harding in 1923. Elected in his own correct in 1924, he gained a reputation being a small government conservative and likewise just like a man who said minimal and had a rather dry sense of humor.

Coolidge restored public confidence inside the White House following the scandals of his predecessor’s administration and left the office with considerable popularity. Being a Coolidge biographer wrote: “He embodied the spirit and dreams of the dead center class, could interpret their longings and express their opinions. That he did represent the genius of one’s average happens to be the most convincing evidence of his strength”.
Scholars have ranked Coolidge among the lower half of those presidents that they have assessed. He is praised by advocates of smaller government and laissez-faire economics, while supporters of an active central government generally view him less favorably, though most praise his stalwart support of racial equality.

My genealogical chart that shows the ancestor who connect us as relatives:

President (John) Calvin Coolidge (1872 – 1933)
16th cousin 3x removed

Victoria Josephine Moor (1845 – 1926)
Mother of President (John) Calvin Coolidge

Hiram Dunlap Moor
Father of Victoria Josephine Moor

Mary Davis
Mother of Hiram Dunlap Moor

Nathaniel Davis
Father of Mary Davis

Susanna Lane
Mother of Nathaniel Davis

Katherine Whiting
Mother of Susanna Lane

Samuel Whiting
Father of Katherine Whiting

Elizabeth St. John
Mother of Samuel Whiting

Sarah Bulkeley (1574 – 1611)
Mother of Elizabeth St. John

Edward Dr Bulkeley (1540 – 1620)
Father of Sarah Bulkeley

Elizabeth Grosvenor
Mother of Edward Dr Bulkeley

Anne Charlton
Mother of Elizabeth Grosvenor

Richard Charlton
Father of Anne Charlton

Robert Charlton
Father of Richard Charlton

Thomas de Knightley de Charlton
Father of Robert Charlton

Anna de Charlton
Mother of Thomas de Knightley de Charlton

Thomas de Charlton
Father of Anna de Charlton

Alan de Charlton (1318 – 1349)
Father of Thomas de Charlton

Alan Sir de de Charlton (1286 – 1360)
Father of Alan de Charlton

Robert Charlton* (Cherlton (1220 – 1300)

Reference

Calvin Coolidge. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Calvin_Coolidge