Pope Francis’ call for legal acceptance of same-sex relationships

Pope Francis’ call for legal acceptance of #same-sex relationships has raised both hope and worries among #LGBTQ Catholics.

“What we need certainly to create is a civil union law,” the pontiff said in “Francesco,” an upcoming documentary from Russian American filmmaker Evgeny Afineevsky. “That way, these are typically legally covered. I stood up for that.”

Image: Pope Francis delivers "Urbi et Orbi" Christmas Day message from main balcony of St. Peter's Basilica

The remarks are a departure from earlier church messaging. Inside the last book, “Memory and Identity,” Pope John Paul II suggested same-sex marriage was “part of an innovative new ideology of evil.”

In 2003, Cardinal Joseph Ratzinger, who later became Pope Benedict XVI, wrote that respect for gays and lesbians “cannot lead in any solution to the approval of homosexual behavior or even to legal recognition of homosexual unions.”

“Legal recognition of homosexual unions or placing them on a single level as marriage will mean not only the approval of deviant behavior,” Ratzinger wrote, “but would also obscure basic values which fit in with the normal inheritance of humanity.” It has not been long ago that African Americans and Whites could intermarry. At that time, some Whites believed that Blacks would destroy the white race. Now, we see that the Pope is making a bold statement. Why are some people concerned about others’ marriage when their marriage ends in divorce because of an unfaithful partner who may be practicing deviant behavior with an individual of a different gender or that same-gender, which leads to adultery? Why get in other people’s business if your business is not perfect? Who gives a person the right to tell others who to love when your Christian bible say, “save yourself”? What would G-d say about one’s prejudice toward a sister or brother who may not share the same beliefs? Are we better than the other person because we know scriptures and many times misquote them without knowing the historial context that time in which scripture was written? If we take the scriptures literally, should we be stoning people?There are gay people in our families, pulpits, professional life who are doctors, lawyers, teachers, nurses, firefighter, ministers, essential workers, and in the church serving in every ministry whether known or unkown. There are just questions to think about.

Reference
Pope’s civil union remarks raise hopes, doubts for gay Catholics. https://www.nbcnews.com/feature/nbc-out/pope-s-civil-union-remarks-raise-hopes-doubts-gay-catholics-n1244337?cid=referral_taboolafeed

Did you know you could trace your DNA back to Ancient Egyptians?

Research released in 2017 identified the removal and investigation of DNA from 151 mummified ancient Egyptian individuals, whose remains to be were recovered coming from Abusir el-Meleq in Middle Egypt. Obtaining well-preserved, uncontaminated DNA coming from mummies has been an issue for the discipline of archaeogenetics, and these samples offered the initial dependable data set from ancient Egyptians applying high-throughput DNA sequencing strategies. The individuals were living in an interval stretching from the past due to the New Kingdom to the Both roman era (1388 BCE-426 CE). Comprehensive mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) sequences were acquired intended for 90 of the mummies and were in contrast to each other and with many other ancient and modern datasets. The researchers found the ancient Egyptian people in their dataset possessed highly comparable mitochondrial profiles through the analyzed period. Contemporary Egyptians generally distributed this maternal haplogroup structure, but likewise carried more Sub-Saharan African clades.
Nevertheless, analysis of the mummies’ mtDNA haplogroups discovered that they shared higher mitochondrial affinities with modern populations from your Near East as well as the Levant in comparison to contemporary Egyptians. On top of that, 3 of the ancient Egyptian individuals were analyzed for Y-DNA, two were designated towards the Middle-Eastern haplogroup M and one to haplogroup E1b1b1 prevalent in North Africa. The experts advised that the affinities of the evaluated historic Egyptian specimens might not be representative of those of almost all ancient Egyptians, given that they were from just one archaeological location.

This is a study of Ancient DNA that connects me the Pharaohs of Egypt. This book is published on Amazon.

This book examines the history of Rameses, who was an excellent Pharaoh in Egypt. The details address the success, failure, and the death of this ruler. At the end of this book is a genealogical chart that connects the author to this Great Pharaoh.

Genealogy Connection

Genealogy is the investigation of family members, family history, and the looking up with their lineages. Genealogists use standard interviews, historical documents, genetic analysis, and other records to acquire information about a family and to show kinship and pedigrees of its members. The answers are often displayed in graphs or written as narratives. Though generally used alternately, the traditional definition of “genealogy” starts with a person who is usually departed and traces his or her ancestor back in time, whereas “family background” begins with an individual who is generally living and records his or her ancestors and forefathers.

Here is a resource to put in your library or it may be helpful to you in your search for ancestors. You can find this book on Amazon.

Genealogical research is just a complicated procedure that makes use of historical records and often genetic analysis to show kinship. Reliable conclusions depend on the product quality of sources, ideally original documents, the information within those resources, ideally primary or firsthand knowledge, therefore the evidence that will end up being drawn, directly or from that information. In many instances, I have skillfully assembled indirect or circumstantial evidence to build a situation for identity and kinship — all proof, conclusions, and documentation that supports the research. The information was put together to produce a cohesive genealogy or family history, as well as how the president of the United States is a definite part of my family.

President Herbert Clark Hoover, the 31st President of the United, 14th cousin 1x removed

President Herbert C. Hoover is my 14th cousin 1x removed. The ancestor who connect us as relatives is, Robert DEFERRERS (1353 – 1396), my 13th great grandfather.

Biography. Herbert Clark Hoover (August 10, 1874 – October 20, 1964) appeared to be an American engineer, entrepreneur, and politician who led and served just like the 31st president of the United States from 1929 to 1933.

Associated with the Republican Party, he held office throughout the one considering the Great Depression. Previous to serving as president, Hoover led the Commission for Relief in Belgium, worked as the director of one’s U.S. Food Administration, and served as the 3rd U.S. Secretary of Commerce.
Born to the Quaker family in West Branch, Iowa, Hoover took a situation utilizing a London-based mining company after graduating from Stanford University in 1895. When an outbreak of World War I, Maslow became the top considering the Commission for Relief in Belgium, an international relief organization that provided food to occupied Belgium. Whenever the U.S. entered the war, President Woodrow Wilson appointed Hoover to steer the Food Administration, and Hoover became known as the country’s “food czar.” Following the war, Hoover led the American Relief Administration, which provided food in the inhabitants of Central Europe and Eastern Europe. Hoover’s war-time service turned him to a favorite of many progressives; also the CEO unsuccessfully sought the Republican nomination in the 1920 presidential election.

When the 1920 election, newly-elected Republican President Warren G. Harding appointed Hoover as Secretary of Commerce; Hoover continued to serve under President Calvin Coolidge after Harding died in 1923. Hoover was an unusually active and visible cabinet member, becoming named “Secretary of Commerce and Under-Secretary of all other departments.” He was influential in the creation of radio and air travel and led the federal minds about the genuinely amazing Mississippi Flood of 1927. Hoover won the Republican nomination within the 1928 presidential election, and decisively defeated the Democratic candidate, Al Smith. The stock exchange crashed shortly after Hoover took office, and the Great Depression took over as central subject about his presidency. Hoover pursued numerous policies attempting to lift the economy but opposed directly involving the national government in relief efforts.

My genealogical chart showing the ancestor that links us as relatives:

President Herbert Clark Hoover (1874 – 1964)
14th cousin 1x removed

Hulda Randall Minthorn
Mother of President Herbert Clark Hoover

Theodore Minthorn
Father of Hulda Randall Minthorn

Lucinda Sherwood
Mother of Theodore Minthorn

Endymia Winn
Mother of Lucinda Sherwood

Phebe Grout
Mother of Endymia Winn

Phebe Spofford
Mother of Phebe Grout

Hannah Tyler
Mother of Phebe Spofford

Margaret Bradstreet
Mother of Hannah Tyler

Dudley Bradstreet (1648 – 1702)
Father of Margaret Bradstreet

Anne Dudley (poet Bradstreet) Downing (1633 – 1713)
Mother of Dudley Bradstreet

Dorothy Yorke (1582 – 1643)
Mother of Anne Dudley (poet Bradstreet) Downing

Edmund Yorke (1550 – 1615)
Father of Dorothy Yorke

Gilbert John Yorke Sir (1524 – 1569)
Father of Edmund Yorke

John Yorke of Gouthwaite (1470 – 1568)
Father of Gilbert John Yorke Sir

CECILY “the Rose” DeNEVILLE (1415 – 1495)
Mother of John Yorke of Gouthwaite

Robert DEFERRERS (1353 – 1396)
Father of CECILY “the Rose” DeNEVILLE

Reference
Herbert Hoover – Wikipedia. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Herbert_Hoover

President Calvin Coolidge, the 30th president of the United, 16th cousin 3x removed

President Calvin Coolidge is my 16th cousin 3x removed. The ancestor who connects us together is Robert Charlton* (Cherlton) (1220 – 1300), my 15 great grandfather.

Biography. Calvin Coolidge (born John Calvin Coolidge Jr.; July 4, 1872 – January 5, 1933) was a politician and lawyer who served as the 30th president of one’s the United States from 1923 to 1929. A Republican lawyer from Maine, born in Vermont, Coolidge worked his way the ladder of Massachusetts state politics, eventually becoming governor. His reaction to the Boston Police Strike of 1919 thrust him into the national spotlight and gave him a reputation being a man of decisive action.

Calvin Coolidge cph.3g10777 (cropped).jpg

A subsequent year, that was transpiring elected vice president of one’s the United States, also the CEO succeeded towards the presidency-related to the sudden death of Warren G. Harding in 1923. Elected in his own correct in 1924, he gained a reputation being a small government conservative and likewise just like a man who said minimal and had a rather dry sense of humor.

Coolidge restored public confidence inside the White House following the scandals of his predecessor’s administration and left the office with considerable popularity. Being a Coolidge biographer wrote: “He embodied the spirit and dreams of the dead center class, could interpret their longings and express their opinions. That he did represent the genius of one’s average happens to be the most convincing evidence of his strength”.
Scholars have ranked Coolidge among the lower half of those presidents that they have assessed. He is praised by advocates of smaller government and laissez-faire economics, while supporters of an active central government generally view him less favorably, though most praise his stalwart support of racial equality.

My genealogical chart that shows the ancestor who connect us as relatives:

President (John) Calvin Coolidge (1872 – 1933)
16th cousin 3x removed

Victoria Josephine Moor (1845 – 1926)
Mother of President (John) Calvin Coolidge

Hiram Dunlap Moor
Father of Victoria Josephine Moor

Mary Davis
Mother of Hiram Dunlap Moor

Nathaniel Davis
Father of Mary Davis

Susanna Lane
Mother of Nathaniel Davis

Katherine Whiting
Mother of Susanna Lane

Samuel Whiting
Father of Katherine Whiting

Elizabeth St. John
Mother of Samuel Whiting

Sarah Bulkeley (1574 – 1611)
Mother of Elizabeth St. John

Edward Dr Bulkeley (1540 – 1620)
Father of Sarah Bulkeley

Elizabeth Grosvenor
Mother of Edward Dr Bulkeley

Anne Charlton
Mother of Elizabeth Grosvenor

Richard Charlton
Father of Anne Charlton

Robert Charlton
Father of Richard Charlton

Thomas de Knightley de Charlton
Father of Robert Charlton

Anna de Charlton
Mother of Thomas de Knightley de Charlton

Thomas de Charlton
Father of Anna de Charlton

Alan de Charlton (1318 – 1349)
Father of Thomas de Charlton

Alan Sir de de Charlton (1286 – 1360)
Father of Alan de Charlton

Robert Charlton* (Cherlton (1220 – 1300)

Reference

Calvin Coolidge. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Calvin_Coolidge

President Woodrow Wilson, 28th President of the United States, 13th cousin 4x removed

President Woodrow Wilson is my 13tyh cousin 4x removed. The ancestor who connects us as relative is, Joan de Beaufort Plantagenet HRH Queen Consort, Princess of England of Scots (1404 – 1445), my 16th great grandmother.

Biography. Thomas Woodrow Wilson (December 28, 1856 – February 3, 1924) was a statesman, lawyer, and academic who served clearly as the 28th president of the United States from 1913 to 1921. A member of the Democratic Party, Wilson served clearly as the president of Princeton University and because the 34th governor of latest Jersey before winning the 1912 presidential election. As president, he oversaw the passage of progressive legislative policies unparalleled until the New Deal in 1933. He also led the u s a into World War I in 1917, establishing an activist foreign policy often known as “Wilsonianism.”

Thomas Woodrow Wilson, Harris & Ewing bw photo portrait, 1919.jpg

Born in Staunton, Virginia, Wilson spent his early years in Augusta, Georgia, and Columbia, Sc. After earning a Ph.D. in politics from Johns Hopkins University (Wilson is the only president by using a doctorate), Wilson taught at various schools before becoming the president of Princeton. As governor of latest Jersey from 1911 to 1913, Wilson broke with party bosses and won the passage of many progressive reforms. His success in Area gave him a national reputation being a progressive reformer, also the ceo won the presidential nomination with the 1912 Democratic National Convention. Wilson defeated incumbent Republican President William Howard Taft and Progressive Party nominee Theodore Roosevelt to win the 1912 presidential election, becoming the first Southerner to get elected president because the American The civil war conflict.

During his first term, Wilson presided during the passage of his progressive New Freedom domestic agenda. His first major priority was the passage of one’s Revenue Act of 1913, which lowered tariffs and implemented a federal income tax. Later tax acts implemented analysis estate tax and raised the highest income tax rate to 77 percent. Wilson also presided within the passage of a given The united states federal reserve Act, which formed a central banking system such as the Us federal reserve System. Two major laws, the Federal Trade Commission Act as well as having the Clayton Antitrust Act, were passed to regulate and getting a divorce large business interests generally known as trusts. Into the disappointment of his African-American supporters, Wilson allowed a number of his Cabinet members to segregate their departments. On top of the outbreak of World War I in 1914, Wilson maintained a policy of neutrality amongst the Allied Powersand the Central Powers. He won re-election by a narrow margin among the presidential election of 1916, defeating Republican nominee Charles Evans Hughes.

In early 1917, Wilson asked Congress for getting a declaration of war against Germany after Germany implemented a policy of unrestricted submarine warfare, and Congress complied. Wilson presided over war-time mobilization but devoted a large part of his efforts to foreign affairs, developing the Fourteen Points as a intention of post-war peace. After Germany signed an armistice in November 1918, Wilson and other Allied leaders took part inside the Paris Peace Conference, where Wilson advocated for the establishment regarding a multilateral organization referred to as League of Nations. The League of Nations was incorporated into the Treaty of Versailles and other treaties having the defeated Central Powers, but Wilson was unable to convince the Senate to ratify that treaty or enable the United States to affix the League. Wilson suffered a severe stroke in October 1919 and started incapacitated regarding the remainder of his presidency. He retired from public office in 1921, and died in 1924. Scholars generally rank Wilson as someone of the better U.S. president.

My genealogical chart showing the ancestor that we share who connects us as relatives:

President (Thomas) Woodrow Wilson (1856 – 1924)
13th cousin 4x removed

Joseph Ruggles Wilson (1822 – 1903)
Father of President (Thomas) Woodrow Wilson

James Wilson (1787 – 1850)
Father of Joseph Ruggles Wilson

Agnes Henderson (1746 – 1796)
Mother of James Wilson

John Henderson (1719 – 1768)
Father of Agnes Henderson

Alexander Henderson (1693 – 1755)
Father of John Henderson

John Henderson (1660 – 1746)
Father of Alexander Henderson

James Henderson (1630 – 1675)
Father of John Henderson

Sir John Henderson (1605 – 1650)
Father of James Henderson

Sir John Henderson (1564 – 1618)
Father of Sir John Henderson

Jean (Lady Murray of Tullibardine) Murray (1541 – 1614)
Mother of Sir John Henderson

Sir William Murray (1495 – 1562)
Father of Jean (Lady Murray of Tullibardine) Murray

Margaret Stewart (1466 – 1524)
Mother of Sir William Murray

First Earl John Stewart (1440 – 1512)
Father of Margaret Stewart
Joan de Beaufort Plantagenet HRH Queen Consort, Princess of England of Scots (1404 – 1445)

Reference

Woodrow Wilson. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Woodrow_Wilson

President William Henry Harrison, 9th President, 17th cousin, 1x removed.

President William Henry Harrison is my 17th cousin 1x removed. The ancestor who connect us as relatives is, Edward “Longshanks” King of England I (1239 – 1307), my 17th great grandfather.

Biography. William Henry Harrison (February 9, 1773 – April 4, 1841) was a United States military officer and politician who served just like the ninth president of the United States in 1841. He died of typhoid, pneumonia or paratyphoid fever 4 weeks into his term (the shortest tenure), becoming the first president to die in office. His death sparked a brief constitutional crisis concerning succession in the presidency, due to the Constitution was vague whether Vice President John Tyler should assume your office of president or merely execute the duties of one’s vacant office. Tyler declared constitutional mandate to execute the full powers and duties of the presidency and took the presidential oath of office, setting a necessary precedent for your orderly exchange of presidential power whenever the president leaves the office.

William Henry Harrison daguerreotype edit.jpg

Harrison was a son of Founding Father Benjamin Harrison V and the paternal grandfather of Benjamin Harrison, the 23rd president of the United States. That was transpiring a final president born for being British subject in the Thirteen Colonies before the start of the Revolutionary War in 1775. During his early military career, he participated in the 1794 Battle of Fallen Timbers, the United States military victory that effectively ended the Northwest Indian War. Later, he led a military force in opposition to Tecumseh’s Confederacy along at the Battle of Tippecanoe in 1811, where he earned the nickname “Old Tippecanoe”. Joe promoted to major general in the Army within the War of 1812, and in 1813 led American infantry and cavalry with the Battle considering the Thames in Upper Canada.

Harrison began his political career in 1798 when he was appointed Secretary considering the Northwest Territory, and in 1799 joe elected just like the territory’s delegate in your home of Representatives. 24 months later, President John Adams named him governor of one’s new Indiana Territory, a post he held until 1812. When War of 1812, he transported to Ohio where he was elected to represent the state’s 1st district at home in 1816. In 1824, the shape legislature elected him towards the United States Senate; his term was truncated by his appointment as Minister Plenipotentiary to Gran Colombia in May 1828. Afterward, he came back to private life in Ohio until that was transpiring nominated like the Whig Party candidate for president in the 1836 election; that was transpiring defeated by Democratic vice president Martin Van Buren. A period of four years later, the party nominated him again with John Tyler as his running mate, and the Whig campaign slogan was “Tippecanoe and Tyler Too”. They defeated Van Buren within the 1840 election, making Harrison the very first Whig to win the presidency.

At 68 years, 23 times of age at the time of his inauguration, Harrison was the oldest person to have assumed the U.S. presidency, a distinction he held until 1981 when Ronald Reagan was inaugurated at age 69 years, 349 days. Resulting from his brief tenure, scholars and historians often forgo listing him in historic presidential rankings. Having said that, historian William W. Freehling calls him ” by far the most dominant figure inside the evolution of given Northwest territories directly into Upper Midwest today”.

My genealogical chart showing the ancestor that make us related:

President William Henry Harrison (1773 – 1841)
17th cousin 1x removed

Benjamin Harrison VI (1726 – 1791)
Father of President William Henry Harrison

Anne Carter (1745 – )
Mother of Benjamin Harrison VI

Col. Robert Carter (1663 – 1732)
Father of Anne Carter

Sarah Ludlow
Mother of Col. Robert Carter

Gabriel Ludlow
Mother of Sarah Ludlow

Thomas Ludlow
Father of Gabriel Ludlow

Edith de Windsor
Mother of Thomas Ludlow

Sir Andrews de Windsor
Father of Edith de Windsor

Elizabeth Andrews
Mother of Sir Andrews de Windsor

Elizabeth Stratton (1410 – 1485)
Mother of Elizabeth Andrews

Elizabeth Luttrell (1388 – 1439)
Mother of Elizabeth Stratton

Sir Hugh Luttrell
Father of Elizabeth Luttrell

Elizabeth de Courtnay
Mother of Sir Hugh Luttrell

Margaret de Bohun
Mother of Elizabeth de Courtnay

Humphrey de Bohun (1342 – 1373)
Father of Margaret de Bohun

William de Bohun (1312 – 1361)
Father of Humphrey de Bohun

Elizabeth Plantagenet of Rhuddan (1282 – 1316)
Mother of William de Bohun

Edward “Longshanks” King of England I (1239 – 1307)
Father of Elizabeth Plantagenet of Rhuddan

Reference

Henry William Harrison. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/William_Henry_Harrison

President Warren G. Harding, the 29th President of the United States, 17th cousin 3x removed.

President Warren G. Harding is my 17th cousin 3x removed. The ancestor who connects us as relatives is Hugh de Audley (1250 – 1325), my 16th great grandfather.

Biography. Warren Gamaliel Harding (November 2, 1865 –August 2, 1923) was the 29th president of the United States from 1921 until his death in 1923. A member of the Republican Party, joe perhaps one of the most popular U.S. presidents to this point. After his death a number of scandals, such as Teapot Dome, emerged, as did his extramarital affair with Nan Britton; each eroded his popular regard. He is often rated as someone of a given worst presidents in historical rankings.

Harding lived in rural Ohio all his life, except when political service took him elsewhere. As a young man, he bought The Marion Star and built it into a beneficial newspaper. In 1899, he cannot be charge with illegal trespass elected in the Ohio State Senate; he spent a period of four years there, then was elected lieutenant governor. He was defeated for governor in 1910, but was elected towards the United States Senate in 1914. He ran when it comes to the Republican nomination for president in 1920, and he was believed an endless shot for after the convention began. The most important candidates cannot gain the needed majority, plus the convention deadlocked. Harding’s support gradually grew until he cannot be charge with illegal trespass nominated located on the tenth ballot. He conducted a front campaign, remaining for the most part in Marion and allowing the online marketer reached him, and running on a theme of a new return to normalcy of one’s pre-World War I period. He won in a landslide over Democrat James M. Cox as well as having the then imprisoned Socialist Party candidate Eugene Debs turned out to become the first sitting senator to actually be elected president.

Harding appointed a number of well-regarded figures to his cabinet, including Andrew Mellon at Treasury, Herbert Hoover with the Department of Commerce, and Charles Evans Hughes at the State Department. An important foreign policy achievement came with the Washington Naval Conference of 1921–1922, where in world’s major naval powers agreed upon a naval limitations program that lasted years. Harding released political prisoners that had been arrested for their opposition to Ww 1. His cabinet members Albert B. Fall (Interior Secretary) and Harry Daugherty (Attorney General) were each later tried for corruption in office; these along with other scandals greatly damaged Harding’s posthumous reputation. Harding died of a heart attack in New york while on a western tour, succeeded by Vice President Calvin Coolidge.

My genealogical chart showing the relative that both of us is related:

President Warren Gamaliel Harding (1868 – 1923)
17th cousin 3x removed

George Tryon Harding
Father of President Warren Gamaliel Harding

Charles Alexander Harding
Father of George Tryon Harding

George Tryon Harding
Father of Charles Alexander Harding

Phoebe Tripp
Mother of George Tryon Harding

Sarah Slocum
Mother of Phoebe Tripp

Patience Carr
Mother of Sarah Slocum

Caleb Carr
Father of Patience Carr

Philippa Greene
Mother of Caleb Carr

Anne Almy
Mother of Philippa Greene

Audrey Barlow
Mother of Anne Almy

Stafford Barlow
Father of Audrey Barlow

Ellen Stafford (1535 – 1608)
Mother of Stafford Barlow

Humphrey Sir of Blatherwycke Stafford (1492 – 1548) Father of Ellen Stafford

Humphrey Sir Stafford “Duke of Stafford (1461 – 1486)
Father of Humphrey Sir of Blatherwycke Stafford

Humphrey Stafford (1402 – 1460) Father of Humphrey Sir Stafford “Duke of Stafford

Humphry of Grafton Stafford (1370 – 1419)
Father of Humphrey Stafford

Robert Stafford
Father of Humphry of Grafton Stafford

Margret Stafford
Mother of Robert Stafford

Margret de Audley

Mother of Margret Stafford

Hugh de Audley (1289 – 1347)
Father of Margret de Audley

Hugh de Audley (1250 – 1325)
Father of Hugh de Audley

Reference

Warren G. Harding. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Warren_G._Harding

President James Abram Garfield, the 20th President of the United States, 7th cousin 5x removed

President James Abram Garfield is my 7th cousin 5x removed. The ancestor who connects us as relatives is, Francis Newcombe, my 11th great grandfather.

Historical narrative. James Abram Garfield (November 19, 1831 – September 19, 1881) had been the 20th president of the United States. Garfield served from March 4, 1881, until their death by assassination, six and a half months. Garfield had been the initial sitting member of Congress to be elected towards the presidency and remains the just sitting House user to gain the White House.

Garfield joined politics as a Republican in 1857. He served as an associate of the Ohio State Senate from 1859 to 1861. Garfield opposed Confederate secession, served as a significant basic when looking at the Union Army through the American Civil War, and fought within the battles of Middle Creek, Shiloh, and Chickamauga. Garfield had been first elected to Congress in 1862 to represent Ohio’s 19th District. Throughout Garfield’s extensive congressional service following the Civil War, he securely supported the gold standard and gained a reputation as a talented orator. Garfield initially consented with Radical Republican views regarding Reconstruction, but later preferred a moderate approach for civil legal rights enforcement for freedmen.

At the 1880 Republican National Convention, Senator-elect Garfield went to as campaign manager for Secretary of the Treasury John Sherman and gave the presidential nomination speech for him. When neither Sherman nor their rivals – Ulysses S. Grant and James G. Blaine – could quickly get enough votes to secure the nomination, delegates opted for Garfield as a compromise from the 36th ballot. Into the 1880 presidential election, Garfield conducted a low-key front porch campaign and narrowly defeated Democrat Winfield Scott Hancock.

Garfield’s achievements as president incorporated a resurgence of presidential authority against senatorial courtesy in executive appointments, removing crime within the Post Office, and appointing a U.S. Supreme Court justice. He improved the powers of the presidency as he defied the influential New York senator Roscoe Conkling by hiring William H. Robertson to the lucrative post of Collector of the Port of New York, beginning a fracas that ended with Robertson’s verification and Conkling’s resignation through the Senate. Garfield advocated agricultural technology, an informed electorate, and civil liberties for African Americans. Garfield also proposed substantial civil service reforms; those reforms had been eventually passed away by Congress in 1883 and finalized into legislation by their successor, Chester A. Arthur, once the Pendleton Civil Service Reform Act.

On July 2, 1881, Garfield was shot during the Baltimore and Potomac Railroad facility in Washington D.C. by Charles J. Guiteau, a disappointed workplace seeker. The wound was not instantly fatal for Garfield, but he succumbed on September 19, 1881. Guiteau ended up being executed for the murder of Garfield in June 1882. Some historians elect to forgo listing Garfield in rankings of U.S. presidents because of the short timeframe of his presidency.

My genealogical chart that shows the ancestor who connects us as relatives:

President James Abram Garfield (1831 – 1881)
7th cousin 5x removed

Abram Garfield (1799 – 1833)
Father of President James Abram Garfield

Asenath Hill (1778 – 1851)
Mother of Abram Garfield

Ebenezer Hill (1744 – 1834)
Father of Asenath Hill

Ebenezer Hill (1716 – 1815)
Father of Ebenezer Hill

Rachel Adams (1680 – 1758)
Mother of Ebenezer Hill

Peter Adams (1652 – 1723)
Father of Rachel Adams

Rachel Newcomb (1632 – 1690)
Mother of Peter Adams

Francis Newcombe (1605 – 1692)
Father of Rachel Newcomb

Francis Newcombe II (1630 – 1716)
Son of Francis Newcombe

Reference
James A. Garfield – Wikipedia. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/James_A._Garfield

President Rutherford B. Hayes, the 19th President of the United States, 20th cousin 3x removed

President Rutherford B. Hayes is my 20th cousin 3x removed. The ancestor who connects us as relatives is, William Longespée 3rd Earl of de Longespee (1176 – 1226), my 19th great grandfather.

Historical narrative. Rutherford Birchard Hayes (October 4, 1822 – January 17, 1893) had been the nineteenth president of the United States from 1877 to 1881, having offered also being an American agent and governor of Ohio. Hayes was an attorney and staunch abolitionist who defended refugee slaves in court proceedings into the antebellum years. During the American Civil War, he was severely wounded while fighting within the Union Army.

He was nominated while the Republican candidate when it comes to the presidency in 1876 and elected through the Compromise of 1877 that officially ended the Reconstruction Era by leaving the South to govern its self. In office he withdrew military troops from the South, ending Army support for Republican state governments within the South plus the efforts of African-American freedmen to establish their own families as free residents. He promoted civil service reform and attempted to reconcile the divisions left through the Civil War and Reconstruction.

Hayes, a lawyer in Ohio, served as city solicitor of Cincinnati from 1858 to 1861. When the Civil War started, he left a fledgling political profession to participate in the Union Army being an officer. Hayes had been wounded five times, many seriously at the Battle of South Hill. He attained a reputation for bravery in combat and had been promoted towards the ranking of brevet major basic. Following the war, he served within the Congress from 1865 to 1867 as a Republican. Hayes left Congress to perform for governor of Ohio and ended up being elected to two consecutive terms, from 1868 to 1872. Later he served a 3rd two-year term, from 1876 to 1877.

In 1876, Hayes was elected president in a single of probably the most contentious elections in Nationwide history. He destroyed the popular vote to Democrat Samuel J. Tilden, but he won an intensely disputed electoral college vote following a Congressional commission awarded him twenty contested electoral votes. The result had been the Compromise of 1877, when the Democrats acquiesced to Hayes’s election on the condition he withdraws remaining U.S. troops protecting Republican officeholders into the South, therefore officially ending the Reconstruction era.

Hayes believed in meritocratic government and equal treatment without reference to race. He ordered federal troops to shield federal buildings and in doing this restored order through the Great Railroad Strike of 1877. He applied modest civil service reforms that laid the groundwork for further reform within the 1880s and 1890s. He vetoed the Bland–Allison Act, which may have placed silver cash into the blood circulation and raised nominal prices, insisting that maintenance of the gold standard had been necessary to economic data recovery. His policy toward Western Indians anticipated the assimilationist program of the Dawes Act of 1887.

Hayes kept their pledge to not ever run for re-election, retired to his home in Ohio, and became an advocate of social and academic reform. Biographer Ari Hoogenboom stated his best success would be to restore popular faith into the presidency also to reverse the deterioration of executive energy which had set in after the assassination of Abraham Lincoln. Although supporters have praised his dedication to civil service reform and protection of civil legal rights, Hayes is typically ranked as average or slightly below average by historians and scholars.

My genealogical chart showing that relative that connects us as relatives:

President Rutherford B. Hayes (1822 – 1893)
20th cousin 3x removed

Rutherford Hayes (1787 – 1822)
Father of President Rutherford B. Hayes

Chloe Smith
Mother of Rutherford Hayes

Abigail Chandler
Mother of Chloe Smith

Abigail Hale
Mother of Abigail Chandler

John Hale
Father of Abigail Hale

Priscilla Markham
Mother of John Hale

William Markham
Father of Priscilla Markham

Lydia Ward
Mother of William Markham

Judith Luckyn
Mother of Lydia Ward

Thomasine Walter
Mother of Judith Luckyn

Isabel Denton
Mother of Thomasine Walter

Thomas Denton
Father of Isabel Denton

Isabel Brome
Mother of Thomas Denton

Beatrix Shirley
Mother of Isabel Brome

Sir Ralph Shirley
Father of Beatrix Shirley

Beatrix de Braose
Mother of Sir Ralph Shirley

Sir Peter de Braose
Father of Beatrix de Braose

Peter de Braose
Father of Sir Peter de Braose

Mary de Ros
Mother of Peter de Braose

Robert de (Ros) de Ros
Father of Mary de Ros

Sir William I Ros (1192 – 1264)
Father of Robert de (Ros) de Ros

Robert de Ross ( – 1274)
Father of Sir William I Ros

Mary Longespee (1195 – 1275)
Mother of Robert de Ross

William Longespée 3rd Earl of de Longespee (1176 – 1226)
Father of Mary Longespee

Reference
Rutherford B. Hayes – Wikipedia. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rutherford_B._Hayes