Zika has never triggered a significant human epidemic in Africa

Zika has never triggered a significant human epidemic in Africa, except in Cape Verde. Aedes aegypti spreads mainly through one species of mosquito that thrives in tropical climates around the world. Forest-dwelling types tend to feed on animals such as rodents or antelopes. On the other hand, the human-loving type likes to bite people and spends its life close to people, experts believe. The disparity in feed choice is possibly why the virus has not been such a significant problem in Africa. The research was published in Science on Thursday.
Study: African mosquitoes are more immune to infection than human-loving Latin American mosquitoes. Africa’s mosquitoes are less likely to pick up the virus from contaminated blood. According to the report, the pattern of infection is surprisingly well associated with the epidemiological pattern of infection. According to the author of the report, the results help clarify why there was a massive outbreak of the virus in Latin America. “It was almost too nice to do that. What do you think may be Africa’s success in preventing epidemics?

Reference
One Dangerous Mutation May Cause the Devastating Birth …. https://www.newsweek.com/one-dangerous-mutation-may-cause-devastating-birth-defect-tied-zika-673748
Why Does A Virus Cause Problems In One Region But Not Another? A Study Offers Insight. https://www.npr.org/sections/goatsandsoda/2020/11/20/936649934/why-does-a-virus-cause-problems-in-one-region-but-not-another-a-study-offers-ins

Indoor behaviors do not all bear the same degree of risk, health experts say

According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, these indoor behaviors are far more dangerous indoors during the pandemic. More than 60 positive coronavirus cases were connected to one spin studio last month in Hamilton, Ontario. Indoor behaviors do not all bear the same degree of risk, health experts say. The airflow, which can be controlled by air quality expert Richard Corsi, is a critical indoor variable. Some gyms and indoor sports facilities have upgraded air filtration systems and security cleaning plans. In the U.S., 8 out of 10 deaths associated with coronavirus were among people 65 and older. Vast indoor fields are less dangerous than big indoor gymnasiums or tennis courts with a few people playing far apart. Especially when sweating and heavy breathing are risky, exercise without social distance is risky. While the chances are small, the virus could be transmitted by handling equipment or picking up a ball. Spend less time running if you go to a gym or an indoor court.

Reference
Trump Has An Elevated Risk Of Severe COVID-19. But It …. https://fivethirtyeight.com/features/trump-has-an-elevated-risk-of-severe-covid-19-but-it-helps-to-be-the-president/

Jodie Foster and I share A Common ancestor

Foster was born in Los Angeles, California. She is the youngest of four children.

Jodie FOSTER

Foster attended a French-language prep school, the Lycée Français de Los Angeles. She speaks French fluently and has dubbed herself in French-speaking versions of most of her films. In 2004, she took a minor role in a French WWI film, A Very Long Engagement. She is my 11th cousin 1x removed.

Per citizen in the U.S. eats around 2.3 pounds of cranberries a year

Vaccinium macrocarpon is the official name of the cranberry. Per citizen in the U.S. eats around 2.3 pounds of cranberries a year. There are a variety of ways you can eat cranberries, like raw, dried, and fried in the sauce. New cranberries are higher in nutrients such as fiber, potassium, and main vitamins; they are much higher in calories and sugar. The fruit grows in the bogs of New Jersey, Massachusetts, Oregon, Washington, and Wisconsin, among other states and portions of Canada. The English mossberry, a smaller variety of cranberry, will survive on vines in Europe for more than 100 years, according to the Cape Cod Cranberry Growers Association.
Reference
Should You Eat Cranberries? The Benefits, Nutrition, and More. https://www.msn.com/en-us/health/nutrition/should-you-eat-cranberries-the-benefits-nutrition-and-more/ar-BB1b6mhR

Obesity has almost tripled globally since 1975

Obesity has almost tripled globally since 1975. Total dietary replacement techniques have become widely shared in the fight against obesity. High-protein diets have been found to support weight loss and maintenance. Studies showed that high-protein total dietary replacement contributed to higher energy consumption, accelerated fat oxidation, and negative fat balance” The findings provide more proof that calories are not just calories, says Dr. Peter Wexler, author of a recent study on high-protein total dietary replacements. The research has been published in the American Journal of Clinical Nutrition. It was tested on stable, normal-weight adults aged 18 to 35 years.
A higher protein diet may contribute to an increase in energy expenditure and fat oxidation. High-protein complete dietary substitutes could be a potential food approach to tackle increasing obesity rates. Future experiments are expected in order better to understand the long-term implications of this dietary experiment.

Reference
Are high-protein total diet replacements the key to maintaining healthy weight?. https://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2020-11/asfn-aht111220.php

Study: immunity from SARS-CoV-2 can last for at least six months

Study: immunity from SARS-CoV-2 can last for at least six months, or it may be longer, maybe a matter of years. Researchers also studied different forms of immunity, including antibodies, B cells and two groups of T cells. The study included 185 U.S. adults aged 19 to 81 who had recovered from infection with COVID-19. Researchers: Antibody reaction among the “200-fold set” participants in the study. The findings are consistent with the] latest discovery of SARS T cells 17 years after the original infection,” according to researchers. The findings are consistent with the latest observation that survivors of the SARS epidemic already had T cells more than a decade after recovery, they add. The results were released on Monday in the open-source e-virus journal iReporter on the bioRxiv pre-print server. The research was carried out by scientists at the La Jolla Institute of Immunology in California and the Icahn School of Medicine in New York.
Reference
Coronavirus immunity could last more than 6 months, possibly years: study. https://www.foxnews.com/health/coronavirus-immunity-6-months-possibly-years-study

Danish study finds that face masks provide only limited protection

Danish study finds that face masks provide only limited protection against SARS-CoV-19 infection. Researchers say findings should not be used to argue against widespread use to prevent people from infecting others. After one month, 1.8% of people wearing the masks had been infected, while 2.1% in a control group. Health experts have long said a mask provides only limited protection for the person wearing it but can dramatically reduce others’ risk.

Reference
Danish study finds face masks provide limited protection …. https://www.swissinfo.ch/eng/reuters/danish-study-finds-face-masks-provide-moderate-to-no-protection-against-covid-19/46169826

Interleukin-1 has been involved as a mediator of chronic pericarditis

Interleukin-1 has been involved as a mediator of chronic pericarditis. A phase 3 trial of rilonacept was performed in patients with acute symptoms and systemic inflammation. During the run-in period, the median time for pain resolution or near-resolution was 5 days, and the median time for normalization of CRP was 7 days. Injection site reactions and upper respiratory tract infections were the most common adverse events. Among patients with chronic periecarditis, treatment resulted in rapid resolution and a slightly lower risk of recurrence than placebo. The most common side effects were injection site reactions and upper respiratory tract infections.

Reference

Phase 3 Trial of Interleukin-1 Trap Rilonacept in Recurrent Pericarditis. https://www.nejm.org/doi/full/10.1056/NEJMoa2027892

Guidelines prescribe that one or more antiarrhythmic medications

Guidelines prescribe that one or more antiarrhythmic medications be tested before catheter ablation is considered in patients with atrial fibrillation. First-line ablation could be more effective in preserving sinus rhythm, we’ve discovered. Severe adverse effects resulted in 5 patients who underwent ablation and 6 patients who prescribed antiarrhythmic drug treatment. Patients undergoing initial care for symptomatic, paroxysmal atrial fibrillation had a slightly lower risk of recurrence with catheter cryoballoon ablation than with antiarrHythmicDrug, as measured by continuous heart rhythm testing. The median ratio of time of atrial fibrillation was 0 per cent (interquartile scale, 0 to 0.08) with ablation and 0.13 per cent with drug treatment compared to 0.60 per cent with ablated therapy.

Reference

Cryoablation or Drug Therapy for Initial Treatment of Atrial Fibrillation. https://www.nejm.org/doi/full/10.1056/NEJMoa2029980

Patients with Type O or B blood spent less time in ICU than those with Type A or AB

Study: Patients with Type O or B blood spent less time in ICU than those with Type A or AB. They were also less likely to require ventilation and to have kidney failure. Study looked at 95 critically ill COVID-19 patients at hospitals in Vancouver, Canada, between February and April. Researchers did not see any link between blood type and the length of each patient’s total hospital stay.  Both new studies came out Wednesday in the journal Blood Advances.     

Reference

https://www.sciencealert.com/study-gives-more-evidence-that-blood-type-may-change-covid-19-risk-and-severity