How could a person be an ethnic Jew?

Description of an ethnic Jew

Ethnic Jew is phrase fundamentally used to identify a individual of Jewish parentage and background who does not fundamentally try to practice Judaism, but with that being stated identifies along with Judaism or any other Jews culturally or fraternally, or simultaneously. The idea regarding “ethnic Jew” may not really specifically omit practicing Jews, but these individuals referred to as “Jews” without possessing the determining adjective “ethnic”.

Concepts of philosophy
The idea of can relate to men and women of different beliefs and qualification because genealogy basically denotes who’s “Jewish”. “Ethnic Jew” is sometimes utilized distinguish non-practicing from practicing(religious) Jews. Other terms include”non-observant Jew”, “non-religious Jew”, “non-practicing Jew”, and “secular Jew”.

Religion
The notion of sometimes can refer solely to Jews who, for no matter what reasons, do not practice the religious beliefs of Judaism, or that are so informal with their relationship to this religion as to be effectively not Jews in the religious sense of adherent to Judaism. For the most part, cultural Jews are cognizant of their Jewish background, and may even feel strong cultural (no matter if not religious) ties to Jewish traditions in order to the Jewish men and women or nation. Like men and women of virtually any other ethnic background, non-religious ethnic Jews frequently absorb into a encompassing non-Jewish society, but, particularly in parts if there has a improve local Jewish culture, many may stay mostly part of that tradition alternatively.

Different varieties of Jews

“Ethnic Jews” include atheists, agnostics, non-denominational deists, Jews with just informal associations to Jewish denominations or converts to other religions, that could include Christianity, Buddhism, or Islam. Religious Jews of each denominations sometimes keep up with outreach to non-religious ethnic Jews. In the case of some Hasidic denominations which can include Chabad-Lubavitch, this outreach extends to actively proselytizing more secular Jews.

The Pew Research study of American Jews realized that 62% thought that being Jewish was mainly due to ancestry and culture, while 15% thought that it was mainly a focus of religion. Of those people that stated themselves to be Jews by religion, 55% thought that being Jewish was mainly a matter of ancestry and culture, while two-thirds thought that it was actually not essential to believe in God to get Jewish.

Israeli citizenship

Israeli immigration laws will accept a treatment for Israeli citizenship if there is proven documentation that any grandparent—not just the maternal grandmother—is Jewish. This does not prove that patient an “ethnic Jew”, but Israeli immigration will accept that person because he or she’s got an ethnically Jewish connection, and due to the fact that this same level of connection was sufficient to get persecuted as a Jew via the Nazis.

Definition of Jewishness

The standard European definition of Jewishness (although it in fact was not uniform across Europe) differs markedly that are caused by the definition being used by the usa. In the former Soviet Union, “Jewish” was a nationality by law, just like other nationalities such as Russians, Ukrainians, Georgians and others. There have been certain restrictions on their civil liberties in the early many years of the Soviet Union.

The European definition is traditional in lots of respects, and reflects simply not only the way in which Europeans saw Jews, but also how Jews saw themselves. The Israeli law draws on external definitions of Jewishness (for example the Nazi and Soviet definitions), rather than traditional halakhic guidelines.

תיאור של יהודי אתני

יהודי אתני הוא ביטוי ביסודו לזיהוי אדם של הורות ורקע יהודי שאינו מנסה באופן יסודי לתרגל את היהדות, אך עם זאת הוא מזוהה עם יהדות או עם כל יהודי אחר מבחינה תרבותית או אחווה, או בעת ובעונה אחת. הרעיון בדבר “יהודי אתני” אינו יכול דווקא להשמיט יהודים מעשיים, אך אנשים אלה נקראים “יהודים” בלי להחזיק בתואר הקובע “אתני”.

מושגי הפילוסופיה
הרעיון יכול להתייחס לגברים ונשים בעלי אמונות שונות, משום שהגנאלוגיה בעצם מציינת מיהו “יהודי”. “יהודי אתני” מנוצל לפעמים להבדיל בין אימונים לבין יהודים מתרגלים (דתיים). מונחים אחרים כוללים “יהודי לא שומר מצוות”, “יהודי לא דתי”, “יהודי לא יהודי” ו”חילוני “.

דת
הרעיון של לפעמים יכול להתייחס רק ליהודים אשר, ללא קשר לאלו סיבות, אינם נוהגים באמונות הדתיות של היהדות, או שהם כה לא רשמיים עם יחסם לדת זו, כדי שיהיו למעשה לא יהודים במובן הדתי של דבקות יהדות. על פי רוב, יהודי התרבות מודעים לרקע היהודי שלהם, ואולי אף מרגישים קשרים תרבותיים חזקים (אם לא דתיים) למסורת היהודית, לגברים ולנשים או לאומה. בדומה לגברים ולנשים מכל רקע אתני אחר, יהודים אתניים לא דתיים סופגים לעתים קרובות את החברה הלא-יהודית המקיפה, אך בעיקר בחלקים מסוימים, אם יש שיפור בתרבות היהודית המקומית, רבים עשויים להישאר ברובם חלק ממסורת זו או לחילופין.

זנים שונים של יהודים

“יהודים אתניים” כוללים אתאיסטים, אגנוסטים, דייסטים לא דתיים, יהודים עם אסוציאציות לא פורמליות בלבד לעדות יהודיות או מתגיירים לדתות אחרות, שיכולים לכלול את הנצרות, הבודהיזם או האיסלאם. יהודים דתיים מכל אחת מן העדות נוהגים לשמור על קשר עם יהודים אתניים לא דתיים. במקרה של כמה זרמים חסידיים שיכולים לכלול את חב”ד-ליובאוויטש, ההישג הזה משתרע באופן פעיל על הגברת החילונים.

המחקר של פיו על יהודי אמריקה הבין ש -62% סברו כי היותם יהודיים נובעים בעיקר ממוצא ומן תרבות, ואילו 15% סברו כי הוא מתמקד בעיקר בדת. מבין אלה שהציגו עצמם כיהודים לפי דת, 55% סברו כי היותם יהודים הם בעיקר עניין של מוצא ותרבות, ואילו שני שלישים סברו כי אין זה הכרחי להאמין באלוהים לקבל יהודים.

אזרחות ישראלית

חוקי ההגירה הישראליים יקבלו טיפול באזרחות ישראלית אם יש תיעוד מוכח שכל סבתא – לא רק סבתא מצד האם – היא יהודית. זה לא מוכיח כי החולה “יהודי אתני”, אלא הגירה ישראלית יקבל את האדם כי הוא או היא יש קשר יהודי אתני, ובגלל זה באותה רמה של חיבור היה מספיק כדי לקבל נרדף כיהודי דרך נאצים.

הגדרת יהדות

ההגדרה האירופית הסטנדרטית של היהדות (אם כי למעשה לא היתה אחידה בכל אירופה) שונה במידה ניכרת הנגרמת על ידי ההגדרה בשימוש על ידי ארה”ב. בברית המועצות לשעבר, “יהודי” היה אזרחות על פי חוק, בדיוק כמו לאומים אחרים כגון רוסים, אוקראינים, גרוזינים ואחרים. היו מגבלות מסוימות על חירויות האזרח שלהם בשנים הראשונות של ברית המועצות.

ההגדרה האירופית היא מסורתית במובנים רבים, ומשקפת בפשטות לא רק את האופן שבו ראו האירופים את היהודים, אלא גם את האופן שבו היהודים ראו את עצמם. המשפט הישראלי מתבסס על הגדרות חיצוניות של יהודיות (לדוגמה,

Do You Believe That There Is Enough Done to Prevent Islamophobia?

Islam2

Muslims around the States are experiencing unprecedented growth in hate crimes and bias incidents. However, community leaders say, amid a rise in anti-Islamic rhetoric by politicians following deadly attacks by extremists in Paris and California.

Attacks
There were two women verbally assaulted on a restaurant in Texas. There was an arson striking a Somali restaurant in North Dakota; threatening phone calls and letters sent to a mosque in New Jersey. Therefore, having the beating associated with a Muslim shopkeeper in New York City are just a couple of the large number of reported hate crimes and bias incidents which have taken place the past few weeks, as per a tally maintained by USA Today.

Hate Crime

Islam3
Hate crimes and bias incidents are motivated in whole or in part by an offender’s prejudice toward race, religion, ethnic group, sexual orientation, gender identity or disability. While hate crimes also entail traditional criminal offenses, namely murder or arson, bias incidents involve behavior that may not rise to the degree of a crime, for instance, harassment.

Islamophobia
Islamophobia is certainly not, however, an unusual and growing American phenomenon. German Muslims are afraid of the rise of Patriotische Europäer Gegen in Islamisierung des Abendlandes (Patriotic Europeans From the Islamicization of one’s West), or PEGIDA, which is certainly active elsewhere too. In France, Islamophobic fears revived when two gunmen associated with Al-Qaeda attacked Charlie Hebdo, a French satirical magazine, in January, that killed 12 people, and increased when recent attacks. Elsewhere in Europe, anti-immigrant sentiments are sometimes coded for anti-Muslim.

Fear

Muslims fear the increase in already rising Islamophobia after California shooting.
Attacks have increased since Paris massacre. Moreover, Muslim advocates say, politicians, news media stoke tensions. Leaders in American Muslim communities say the rise in hate crimes and bias incidents began after Nov. 13 when gunmen owned by the Islamic State in Iraq as well as having the Levant (ISIL) opened fire in Paris, that killed 130 people. The Council on American-Islamic Relations (CAIR), a Muslim advocacy group, said reports of hate crimes and bias incidents are at an all-time high. “We quite literally haven’t had the opportunity to breathe,” said CAIR spokesman Ibrahim Hooper.

Commentators views

“I do not possess a figure for some attacks, but it is unprecedented. As well as havingIslam4 the other thing that’s unprecedented will be the anti-Muslim bigotry has moved to everyday consumers,” Hooper indicated, “In the previous attacks, like after 9-11, Islamophobia was on the fringes of society.”
Do not worry the sentiment is a bit more mainstream with young politicians and famous pundits making statements about Islam that are so inflammatory many American Muslims feel unsafe, or possibly worrying about safety.
Republican presidential Donald Trump on Monday drew the ire of civil liberties groups and fellow parts of the Republican party after proposing that the U.S. should temporarily ban all Muslims from entering the United States.
“Until we have the opportunity to determine and comprehend the issue plus the dangerous threat it poses, our country could not be the victims of horrendous attacks by those who speaks of jihad, and have no sense of reasoning or honor for man’s life,” Trump said in a statement. Lt. Adeel Rana, a Pakistani-American NY Police Department (NYPD) officer and spokesman for your department’s Muslim Officers Society, said he was appalled that such a prominent American figure, especially one running for president, could say such defamatory reasons for the entire religious group. If he acquired the prospect to talk with Trump, Rana said he’d tell the space mogul: “Read up on the Constitution, and put a stop this hatred. Regardless of who it is, Muslims or any other immigrant community, enough is enough. Behave like a leader and know that America is built on immigration and different people.” As a result of practicing this the surge in hate crimes and bias incidents, many Muslim communities asked for an increased police patrols around their mosques and in their communities — as was reality whenever severed pig’s head was discovered on the doorstep of causing Philadelphia mosque on Sunday. Muslims take into consideration the animal unclean and refrain from eating pork.
However, not all American-Muslims feel comfortable with greater police presence.
“There’s quite much mistrust” between Muslim communities and local police, Linda Sarsour, executive director of one’s Arab American Association of New York, stated Al Jazeera. Sarsour serves as a longtime campaigner against NYPD profiling of Muslims because of the religion.
islamophobia1Muslims have an excuse to be scared of both anti-Muslim attackers and overbearing police forces whose surveillance of mosques generates mistrust, Sarsour said. Since at least 2002, the NYPD has begun “suspicionless surveillance of Muslims in The big apple and beyond,” as stated by the American Civil Liberties Union (ACLU). “It is chilling free speech in our community,” Sarsour said of one’s surveillance. “People do not trust the individuals in our community. We do not know that is an informant, who is not an informant.”
“The way that other communities view law enforcement and feel safe, we say wow they [the police] look into us and think we are the suspects and, of course, the criminals,” Sarsour said. “What law enforcement officials need do will be to treat us like they would treat communities in suburban America. We must be dealt with in comparison.”

Muslim Community

STOP-islamophobia
CAIR’s Hooper believes that one way to heighten trust in police officers more brilliant protect American-Muslims from hate crimes and bias incidents originates from increasing the total number of Muslims on police forces.Rana agrees, citing his group’s outreach efforts into the city’s diverse Muslim community. “Especially the Muslim communities with different nationalities, we’ve been educating them about their rights,” Rana said. Some newcomers might not know that harassment over religion serves as a crime that must be reported towards the police, he added.

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Reference
Islamophobic Attacks See Dramatic Rise | Al Jazeera America. (n.d.). Retrieved from http://america.aljazeera.com/articles/2015/12/9/us-muslims-experience-surge-in-i